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Adenia macrophylla var. singaporeana (Blume) Koord., (Wall. ex G. Don) de Wilde
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Plant of the Month
Living Stones
Lithops are well known as living stones, thanks to their intrigue stone-like appearances. Each individual comprises of two leaves fused together. New leaves develop in pairs and grow from the slit in between the pair of old leaves, slowly replacing them. Lithops thrive in dry rocky places. They usually hide below the soil surface, leaving only the top surface known as a leaf window for photosynthesis. This allows them to minimise the effect of its harsh environment. Lithops was first discovered by William Burchell in 1811, where he accidentally found them when picking up ‘curious shaped pebbles’ from the ground. Come join us at Singapore Garden Festival 2016 to see more Lithops, one of the world’s most fascinating plant!
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Animal of the Month
Tigers in Coney
The colourful Common Tiger is a common species in many urban parks of Singapore. Much like the closely related Monarch Butterfly, this butterfly sequesters chemicals in its host plants, thus defending itself against predators by making it unpalatable. A good place to see this species is the newly opened Coney Island, where these butterflies can be seen fluttering about the Coastal Meadows display in large numbers!
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Did You Know?
Flora and Fauna Tributes to Singapore
A total of 2053 vascular plant species have been recorded to be native to Singapore (source: Singapore Red Data Book, 2008). Of these at least 20 species have scientific names derived from "Singapore", their scientific names containing "singaporeana", "singaporeanum", "singaporensis", "singaporense", "singapurensis" and "singapureana". There are also others with common names that pay tribute to the country in which they are or were naturally found, such as the Singapore Rhododendron (Melastoma malabathricum. The animals are not to be missed either, with native fauna named after our island state, such as the Singapore Freshwater Crab (Johora singaporensis) and the Daisy Sponge (Coelocarteria singaporensis). As a novel way of celebrating National Day, read more about some of these Singaporean plants and animals on Flora&FaunaWeb by searching for their names.
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Fauna News
Flora News
Green is Good for the Health!
Researchers studied over 100,000 women in the USA and found that women who live near higher levels of vegetation have lower rates of mortality and disease. This link may be related to the opportunities for socialization within green areas and the stress-relieving effects of being in nature. Click on this link for more information.
Devil-head Orchid
A small population of rare orchid species was found growing in a forest near the border in southern Colombia. Apart from having the interesting devil-head look, these critically endangered orchids also have clawed petals. Click here to learn more.
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