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  Channa melasoma (Bleeker, 1851)
  Family Name : Channidae

  Taxonomic Group : Vertebrates (Fish)

  Common Names : Black Snakehead

 
Black Snakehead
  • Description
    • Description :
      Body slender, head broad and relatively flat. Body grey to almost black; edges of caudal, anal and dorsal fins with very distinctive whitish margin; often a black spot at the posterior part of the dorsal fin. Fingerlings have black and orange stripes, and a white spot on top of the head.
  • Ecology, Habitat & Location
    • Ecological Notes :
      Shaded forest streams with sluggish, acidic waters and submerged roots/leaf litter substrates. It appears to be largely nocturnal and feeds on small animals.
      Habitats :
      Forest, Freshwater
      Distribution :
      In Singapore, known only from several streams in the Central Nature Reserves. The species occurs in Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo.
      Nature Reserves :
      Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Central Catchment Nature Reserve
  • Conservation
    • Trends & Threats :
      Habitat degradation.
      Scientific Interest & Potential Value :
      Large specimens can be used as food. This species is first reported from Singapore in 1990.
      Conservation Notes :
      Continued protection of its natural habitat in the Central Catchment Nature Reserve from human impacts, and strict policing against illegal fishing.
  • Status
    • Species Status :
      Native
      Conservation Status :
      Rare
      Singapore Red Data Book 2008 status :
      Critically Endangered (CR)
  • References
    • Baker, N. & Lim, K. 2008. Wild animals of Singapore. Singapore: Draco Publishing and Distribution Pte Ltd. 180pp 
      Davison, G.W.H., Ng, P.K.L. & Ho, H.C (Eds.). 2008. The Singapore Red Data Book (2nd Edition). Singapore: Nature Society (Singapore). 285pp 

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