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  Pseudoporcellanella manoliensis Sankarankutty, 1961
  Family Name : Porcellanidae

  Taxonomic Group : Invertebrates (Crustacean, Crab and Prawn)

  Common Names : False Porcelain Crab

False Porcelain Crab
  • Ecology, Habitat & Location
    • Ecological Notes :
      This species is an obligate commensal of soft corals. It was reqported that it lives with a species of sea pen known as Scytalium but has also been recently found with an unidentified species of sea whip. The habitat of this coral is in very soft mud in open estuaries in subtidal to deep intertidal waters. They apparently occur individually on their hosts, although these corals are known to grow in dense aggregations. Little else is known about the biology of this very rare animal.
      Habitats :
      Coral Reef, Marine
      Distribution :
      This species was first found in southern India, and we have records from Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore.
  • Conservation
    • Trends & Threats :
      Coastal development, land reclamation and pollution leading to loss of good sublittoral habitats.
      Scientific Interest & Potential Value :
      This species is an example of the group of the hermit crab relatives called the porcelain crabs, which are poorly known in Singapore. The group includes some of the rarest species in the world such as the Furry Porcelain Crab, Eulenaios cometes, known only from Singapore. Many porcelain crabs are obligate commensals, illustrating the complex interwined relationships between organisms.
      Conservation Notes :
      The conservation of the muddy benthic habitats is necessary for the survival of sea pen, Pteroides, and hence that of its commensal crab P. picta.
  • Status
    • Species Status :
      Singapore Red Data Book 2008 status :
      Vulnerable (VU)
  • References
    • Davison, G.W.H., Ng, P.K.L. & Ho, H.C (Eds.). 2008. The Singapore Red Data Book (2nd Edition). Singapore: Nature Society (Singapore). 285pp 

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