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  Heosemys spinosa (Gray, 1831)
  Family Name : Geoemydidae

  Taxonomic Group : Vertebrates (Reptile)

  Common Names : Spiny Hill Tortoise, Spiny Terrapin

Spiny Hill Tortoise,Spiny Terrapin
  • Description
    • Description :
      Small to mecium sized tortoise with a rosy brown shell. Juveniles have the underside of the shell bright ochre yellow with a pattern of black lines, and serrations ('spines') along the edges of the shell. These become worn and obscured as the animal grows larger. Carapace with a flat top in side view, brown with serrated rear margin and a pale brown mid-dorsal ridge, and five vertebral scutes. Plastral scutes with blackish radiating lines. Head and limbs dark grey; a reddish spot on each side of the head. The carapace of hatchlings appears more flat and heart-shaped in top view, the margins covered with spiky serrations.
  • Ecology, Habitat & Location
    • Ecological Notes :
      Inhabits mature forest where it seems to be nocturnally active and omnivorous. Adults are terrestrial in habits, while juvenile are more amphibious.
      Habitats :
      Forest, Terrestrial
      Distribution :
      In Singapore, native populations of this species seems to be confined to the Central Nature Reserves. Distributed in the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo, Mindanao.
      Nature Reserves :
      Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Central Catchment Nature Reserve
      Parks & Gardens :
      Telok Blangah Hill Park
  • Conservation
    • Trends & Threats :
      Habitat degradation. Illegal collecting for the pet trade.
      Scientific Interest & Potential Value :
      Hatchlings are in high demand as exotic pets.
      Conservation Notes :
      Habitat protection, strict policing against illegal collections, captive breeding programmes.
  • Status
    • Species Status :
      Conservation Status :
      Singapore Red Data Book 2008 status :
      Vulnerable (VU)
      Singapore Red Data Book 1994 status :
      Vulnerable (V)
  • References
    • Baker, N. & Lim, K. 2008. Wild animals of Singapore. Singapore: Draco Publishing and Distribution Pte Ltd. 180pp 
      Davison, G.W.H., Ng, P.K.L. & Ho, H.C (Eds.). 2008. The Singapore Red Data Book (2nd Edition). Singapore: Nature Society (Singapore). 285pp 
      Ng, P.K.L. & Wee, Y.C. (Eds.). 1994. The Singapore Red Data Book (1st Edition). Singapore: Nature Society (Singapore). 343pp 

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