Keyword Search Tips |  Advanced Search
Display Options
Results per Page
Sort By
What's New
Popular View
Plant & Animal Corner
  • Malayan Horned Frog
  • Gardenia cf. nitida
  • Eight-Spotted Crab Spider
  • Aechmea tayoensis
Please Choose a Category:
Popular Keywords
round_tl round_tr
frame Visitors Counter
frame 711326
round_bl round_br
  Calophyllum soulattri Burm.f.
  Family Name : Calophyllaceae

  Common Names : Bintangor Bunut, Malang-Malang, Mintak

Bintangor Bunut,Malang-Malang,Mintak
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Medium (16m-30m); Small (6m-15m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Maximum Height :
      4.5 m to 26 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Andaman Islands, Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia, to the Solomon Islands (including Singapore), and northern Australia
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest; Freshwater Swamp Forest; Riverine), Shoreline (Mangrove Forest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a tree, from 4.5 m to 26 m tall.
      Trunk: The trunk is rarely buttressed, spurred, occasionally with kneed roots when grown in swampy conditions. The outer bark is yellowish to pale brown in colour, with shallow, boat-shaped fissures.
      Foliage: Its stalked, opposite leaves are ovate to elliptic or suboblong, 6.5-29 cm long by 2.4-10.2 cm wide, with prominent parallel secondary veins. New leaves are pinkish in colour, turning orange then beige before maturing to green.
      Flowers: Its flower clusters consist of 7-21 flowers. Its while-petalled flowers are about 1 cm wide, with numerous stamens. The flowers are mildly fragrant.
      Fruits: Its fruits are round, purplish black when ripe, 0.9-1.6 cm wide.
      Habitat :
      It grows along the edges of rivers, and in lowland to lower montane rainforests, or sometimes in mangrove forests, up to 1700 m altitude.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are pollinated by bees. The fruits are dispersed by birds.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Greek kalos, beautiful; Greek phyllon, a leaf, referring to the plant’s beautifully-veined leaf blades; soulattri, from a Sudanese name
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable; Herb & Spice: The sourish fruits can be eaten.)
      Medicinal (In Caroline Islands, the fresh bark from the shoots are used as medicine for women who have just given birth. The roots alone, together with the leaves, are used to treat rheumatic pains, and urinary tract infection, respectively. ), Timber & Products (The wood is used for masts, spars and in house construction.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable as an ornamental tree for parks, gardens and roadside planting for its attractive new leaves, fragrant white flowers and attractive purplish black fruits.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits, Fragrant (Flowers)
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Hedge / Screening, Reforestation
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Naturalistic Garden, Bird & Wildlife Garden
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bird-Attracting (Fruits)
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Bee))
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green, Pink
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Orange, Pink
      Young Flush Texture(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate; Elliptical; Oblong)
      Foliar Venation :
      Foliar Margin :
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.0 (Tree - Dense Canopy)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Flower Symmetry :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Black, Purple
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Drupe)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

   Last updated on:

  Download Image  Print Page

Public Comment     

Total page hits: 181
© 2013 National Parks Board, Singapore. Supported client browser: IE6+, Firefox 1.05+, Chrome 12+, Opera 7.52+, Netscape 7.1+