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  Calophyllum soulattri Burm.f.
  Family Name : Calophyllaceae

  Common Names : Bintangor Bunut, Malang-Malang, Mintak

 
Bintangor Bunut,Malang-Malang,Mintak
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
      True
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Medium (16m-30m); Small (6m-15m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Maximum Height :
      4.5 m to 26 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Andaman Islands, Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia, to the Solomon Islands (including Singapore), and northern Australia
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest; Freshwater Swamp Forest; Riverine), Shoreline (Mangrove Forest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a tree, from 4.5 m to 26 m tall.
      Trunk: The trunk is rarely buttressed, spurred, occasionally with kneed roots when grown in swampy conditions. The outer bark is yellowish to pale brown in colour, with shallow, boat-shaped fissures.
      Foliage: Its stalked, opposite leaves are ovate to elliptic or suboblong, 6.5-29 cm long by 2.4-10.2 cm wide, with prominent parallel secondary veins. New leaves are pinkish in colour, turning orange then beige before maturing to green.
      Flowers: Its flower clusters consist of 7-21 flowers. Its while-petalled flowers are about 1 cm wide, with numerous stamens. The flowers are mildly fragrant.
      Fruits: Its fruits are round, purplish black when ripe, 0.9-1.6 cm wide.
      Habitat :
      It grows along the edges of rivers, and in lowland to lower montane rainforests, or sometimes in mangrove forests, up to 1700 m altitude.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are pollinated by bees. The fruits are dispersed by birds.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Greek kalos, beautiful; Greek phyllon, a leaf, referring to the plant’s beautifully-veined leaf blades; soulattri, from a Sudanese name
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable; Herb & Spice: The sourish fruits can be eaten.)
      Medicinal (In Caroline Islands, the fresh bark from the shoots are used as medicine for women who have just given birth. The roots alone, together with the leaves, are used to treat rheumatic pains, and urinary tract infection, respectively. ), Timber & Products (The wood is used for masts, spars and in house construction.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable as an ornamental tree for parks, gardens and roadside planting for its attractive new leaves, fragrant white flowers and attractive purplish black fruits.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits, Fragrant (Flowers)
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Hedge / Screening, Reforestation
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Naturalistic Garden, Bird & Wildlife Garden
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bird-Attracting (Fruits)
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Bee))
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green, Pink
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Leathery
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Orange, Pink
      Young Flush Texture(s) :
      Leathery
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Opposite
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate; Elliptical; Oblong)
      Foliar Venation :
      Parallel
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.0 (Tree - Dense Canopy)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      White
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Axillary
      Flower Symmetry :
      Radial
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Black, Purple
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Drupe)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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