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  Ficus pumila L.
  Family Name : Moraceae

  Synonyms : Ficus stipulata, Ficus longipedicellata

  Common Names : Creeping Fig, Climbing Fig, Creeping Ficus, Creeping Rubberplant, Ara Jalar

  Chinese Name : 薜荔

 
Creeping Fig,Climbing Fig,Creeping Ficus,Creeping Rubberplant,Ara Jalar
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
      True
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Maximum Height :
      2.5 m to 4 m
      Maximum Plant Spread / Crown Width :
      1.5 m to 2.5 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Southern China, Taiwan, Japan, Vietnam
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Disturbed Area / Open Ground)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal, Temperate
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Woody vine up to 4 m long with a climbing growth habit or trailing in the absence of vertical support.
      Foliage: Egg-shaped leaves are 2-5 cm long on climbing vines,
      Fruits: Purple, pear-shaped figs grow up to 5 cm long.
      Cultivation :
      Prune regularly to encourage new growth with smaller leaves, and discourage mature woody, shrub-like growth.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits), Medicinal (Stems and leaves used in Traditional Chinese Medicine as tonic and to treat fever. Leaves used in Japan in beverages to treat diabetes and high blood pressure. A decoction of fruits, stems and leaves are used to treat joint pain due to arthritis, rheumatism and sprains. Fruits said to promote lactation for mothers and cure impotency. Roots used to treat bladder problems and induce urination.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is planted to cover walls and overhead bridges.
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils, Shallow Media (8 -10cm), Disease / Pest Resistant, Easy to Grow, [Remarks] (Able to cling and grow directly on natural and articial surfaces.)
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Vertical Greenery / Green Wall
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Rockery / Desert Garden
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bird-Attracting
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Associated with: Agaonid wasp symbiont with species)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Associated with: Seeds may be dispersed by birds that nibble on fruits.)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Moderate
      Planting Distance :
      0.3 m
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Low
      Pruning :
      Prune regulary to restrict growth to desired locations (eg. from windows), encourage new growth with smaller leaves, and discourage aggressive woody growth and fruiting
      Diseases :
      It is generally resistant to diseases.
      Pest(s) :
      Sucking Insects
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting (Semi-Hardwood)
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Leathery, Rough
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Red
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Sessile
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Acute
      Foliar Base :
      Cordate
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Microphyll ( 2.25cm2 - 20.25 cm2 )
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Stem Type & Modification :
      Woody
      Root Type :
      Underground (Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Size :
      Remarks (Very small, gathered on inner surface of synconium)
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Purple, Red
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Accessory / False Fruit (Pseudocarp): Multiple Syconium (receptacle))
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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