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  Ficus punctata Thunb.
  Family Name : Moraceae

  Synonyms : Ficus aurantiacea

  Common Names : Climbing Fig, Tangisong Burong

  Chinese Name : 橙黄榕, 大果藤榕

 
Climbing Fig,Tangisong Burong
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
      True
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana, Shrub (Trailing)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Irregular
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Taiwan, Indochina, Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Common)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Woody root climber, rooting freely from stems and branches to attach itself to trunk and branches of host tree. Established specimens can form relatively thick liana-like stems against host trunk, as well as trailing leafy branches. Sometimes observed to creep on ground. All bruised parts exude milky-white latex.
      Foliage: Its alternate, stalked leaves have leathery leaf blades that are oblong to elliptic to obovate to broadly sickle shaped, 1-12 cm long by 0.5-7.5 cm wide, glossy dark green above, light green below with prominent netted venation. Leaf margins and undersides sparsely hairy. Leaf stalks hairy.
      Flowers: The plant is dioecious, with different plants producing male or female flowers.
      Fruits: Its syconia (figs) are globose to ovoid, fleshy, very large (up to 10 cm across), sessile and produced at leaf axils or along leafless branches. They ripen from green to speckled orange (resembling kumquats), turning purple-black and possessing fruity scent when overripe.

      Fruiting takes place several times per year, but only climbing specimens can bear fruits. Large numbers of fruits may be produced during each figging episode, such that fallen ones are often spotted lying on the ground beneath the host tree. 

      Reproductive Parts (non-flowering plant): Its syconia (figs) are solitary or in pairs, borne in the leaf axils, pear-shaped, 4–6.5 by 1.5–2.5 cm, and orange to red, then purple to black when ripe.
      Habitat :
      Occurs on larger trees in lowland secondary forests and along roadsides.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are pollinated by fig wasps. The ripe figs are eaten by frugivorous mammals.

      It is the host plant of the Little Maplet (Chersonesia peraka peraka).
      Etymology :
      Latin Ficus, the commercial edible fig (Ficus carica); Latin punctata, punctate, with a spotted surface, referring to the speckled ripe fruits.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      None
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable for growing on trees in parks, gardens and roadsides.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Fruits
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Vertical Greenery / Green Wall, Groundcover
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Naturalistic Garden
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Ant, Beetle, Fly, Thrip, Wasp))
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Associated with: Aaptos suberitoides, Fruits eaten by bats.)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny, Leathery
      Foliar Modification :
      Stipule
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Obovate; Elliptical)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Acute, Rounded
      Foliar Base :
      Cuneate, Rounded / Obtuse
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Microphyll ( 2.25cm2 - 20.25 cm2 )
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Stem Type & Modification :
      Woody
      Root Type :
      Underground (Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual Flowers (Dioecious)
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Cream / Off-White
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Cauliflorous
      Inflorescence Type :
      Syconium
      Flowering Period :
      Free-Flowering
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Black, Orange, Yellow / Golden
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Accessory / False Fruit (Pseudocarp): Multiple Syconium (receptacle))

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