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  Selenicereus undatus
  Family Name : Cactaceae

  Synonyms : Hylocereus undatus

  Common Names : Dragon Fruit, Pitaya, Common Night Blooming Cerus, Red Skin Dragon Fruit

  Chinese Name : 火龙果

Dragon Fruit,Pitaya,Common Night Blooming Cerus,Red Skin Dragon Fruit
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana, Epiphyte, Succulent Plant
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Maximum Height :
      10 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Central America, Mexico to Colombia
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Epiphytic cactus with a sprawling or vining growth habit. As an epiphyte, it can reach up to 10 m tall.
      Roots: Aerial roots allow this species to climb upwards. In nature, this species grows on top of trees or rocks.
      Stems: Fleshy, angular stems have 3 wings up to 5 cm wide and scalloped margins.
      Flowers: Fragrant, whitish to greenish-yellow flowers (25-35 cm long, 30 cm wide) are composed of numerous white- or yellow-tipped stamens and a large stigma with a star-shaped tip. They open at night and close shortly after daybreak.
      Fruits: Oval to oblong fruits (up to 12 cm long, 9 cm wide) have yellow-green, strap-like appendages that create a scaly, dragon-like texture. The edible, sweet white flesh contains numerous, black seeds which are also edible.
      Cultivation :
      It grows best in well-drained, loamy soil.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: The white flesh along with its seeds is typically eaten raw.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Fragrant (Flowers: Night)
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Dry Soils / Drought, Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Small Gardens, Trellis / Arbour / Pergola
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Rockery / Desert Garden, Economic Garden
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      White, [Remarks] (Greenish-yellow)
      FlowerTexture(s) :
      Flower Grouping :
      Flower Symmetry :
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Flowering Period :
      Free-Flowering, [Remarks] (In the tropics, plants flower 4-6 times a year.)
      Flowering Opening Time :
      Night (dusk to dawn)
      Flower Lifespan On Plant :
      1 Night
      Flowering Habit :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Green, Pink, Red
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit
      Mature Seed Colour(s) :
      Mature Seed Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny
      Seed Quantity per Fruit :
      Numerous (>20)
  • References
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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