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  Indorouchera griffithiana (Planch) Hallier f.
  Family Name : Linaceae

  Common Names : Akar Biji, Akar Kait Putih, Akar Putih, Akar Tenggadin, Akar Tuai, Garam-garam

Akar Biji,Akar Kait Putih,Akar Putih,Akar Tenggadin,Akar Tuai,Garam-garam
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      India, Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and Java
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Common)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a woody, hooked liana, with white bark, up to 30 m long. It rarely appears as a 4 m tall shrub or treelet. Its hook number varies, usually in pairs on climbing shoots and up to five hooks at the leaf and inflorescence axils.
      Foliage: Its alternate, stalked leaves have leathery leaf blades that are elliptic to drop-shaped and 4–19 by 1–6.8 cm. The leaf margin is glandular to round-toothed. Its triangular to egg-shaped stipules are 0.7–0.8 by 1.5–1.8 mm.
      Flowers: Its flowering clusters bear up to 10 flowers each. Its fragrant, yellow to orange coloured flowers are 0.9 cm wide.
      Fruits: Its yellow to red fruits are egg-shaped to elliptic drupes that are about 4.5–6 by 3–4.5 mm. Its egg-shaped seeds are 3–4.5 by 2.2–2.3 mm.
      Habitat :
      It grows in lowland and hill forests up to 1,500 m in altitude. It occurs locally in Central Catchment Nature Reserve, Nee Soon Swamp Forest, Pulau Tekong, Pulau Tekong Kechil, and Pulau Ubin.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect-pollinated. Its fruits are probably eaten by birds.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Indorouchera, from the vernacular Indian name Rouchera; Latin griffithiana, commemorating William Griffin, a British botanist and the curator of the Calcutta Botanic Garden, who conducted extensive field observations in India and Afghanistan
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal (Its flowers and leaves are applied to treat headaches whereas a decoction of the root is effective against bowel complaints.)
      [Others]: Its bark and sap are used as dart poison.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable for parks.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Obovate; Elliptical)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Serrate / Toothed
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Orange, Yellow / Golden
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Axillary, Cauliflorous
      Flower Symmetry :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Orange, Red
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Drupe)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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