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  Mikania micrantha (L.) Kunth ex H.B.K.
  Family Name : Asteraceae (Compositae)

  Synonyms : Acanthospermum micrantha

  Common Names : American Rope, Mile-A-Minute Weed, Bittervine, Chinese Creeper, Climbing Hempvine

  Chinese Name : 薇甘菊, 小花蔓澤蘭

 
American Rope,Mile-A-Minute Weed,Bittervine,Chinese Creeper,Climbing Hempvine
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
      True
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana, Shrub (Herbaceous; Trailing)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Shrubby
      Maximum Height :
      25 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Central America, South America
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Secondary Rainforest; Riverine; Disturbed Area / Open Ground)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      [Others]: Fast-growing, aggressive climber or creeper. Considered an invasive weed in several regions where it has become naturalized. Has a tendency to over-run nearby plants and kill them by smothering them, or blocking off sunlight. Also exhibits allelopathic properties -- plant secretes inhibitory chemicals to prevent growth or germination of nearby plants.Reported to grow up to 27mm per day, and may cover more than 25sqm in a few months. Besides rapid growth-rate (hence the common name 'Mile-A-Minute'), the plant may produce as many as 40,000 seeds per year -- these are dispersed by wind, or carried on hair, fur and clothing. Plant is able to root from stem fragments as well.Nectar plant for Common Pierrot (Castalius rosimon) and Peacock Pansy (Junonia almana) butterflies. Plant commonly attacked by aphids, resulting in distorted curled leaves. Triangular leaf shape said to be inspiration for design of canopy walk floor-panel used on aerial walkways for Southern Ridges, Singapore.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal (Plant has anti-microbial properties. Macerated plant applied to new wounds, insect stings and other skin irritations. Leaves boiled in seawater can be used to relieve skin itch.)
      [Others]: During World War 2, this species was introduced to India as a means to camouflage airfields.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Vertical Greenery / Green Wall
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Naturalistic Garden, Butterfly Garden
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Invasive / Potentially Invasive, [Remarks] (Very fast-growing, smothering vine. Displays allelopathic properties -- secretes chemicals that Inhibit growth and seed germination of other plants.)
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Butterfly Food Plant
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Ant, Beetle); Associated with: Seeds can be dispersed by being carried in fur, hair or clothing.), Abiotic (Wind)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Fast
      Maintenance Requirements :
      High
      Potential Problems :
      Will probably over-run and smother nearby plants, unless pruneed back frequently.
      Diseases :
      Prone to aphids.
      Pest(s) :
      Associated with
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting, Stolon / Runner, Sucker, [Remarks] (Very easily propagated from highly-viable seeds, stem fragments, runners, suckers and old rootstocks.)
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny, Thin
      Foliar Modification :
      Foliar Tendril
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Opposite
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Cordate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire - Wavy / Undulate
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Acute
      Foliar Base :
      Cordate
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Notophyll ( 20.25cm2 - 45 cm2 )
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Stem Type & Modification :
      Herbaceous
      Root Type :
      Underground (Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Green, White
      Flower Symmetry :
      Radial
      Flower Size :
      Remarks (3 - 5 mm long)
      Inflorescence Type :
      Corymb
      Flowering Period :
      Free-Flowering
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Black
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Indehiscent Dry Fruit (Achene)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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