Keyword Search Tips |  Advanced Search
Display Options
Results per Page
Sort By
What's New
Popular View
Plant & Animal Corner
  • Malayan Horned Frog
  • Gardenia cf. nitida
  • Eight-Spotted Crab Spider
  • Aechmea tayoensis
Please Choose a Category:
Popular Keywords
IxorabougainvilleahibiscusHeliconiaSamanea samancalatheaficusphilodendronlantana camarapalm
round_tl round_tr
frame Visitors Counter
frame 700252
round_bl round_br
  Momordica charantia
  Family Name : Cucurbitaceae

  Synonyms : Alsomitra fauriei, Momordica elegans, Momordica sinensis, Momordica operculata, Momordica indica, Momordica chinensis

  Common Names : Balsam Pear, Bitter Gourd, Bitter Cucumber, La-kwa, Leprosy Gourd, Peria Laut, Bitter Melon

  Chinese Name : 苦瓜

Balsam Pear,Bitter Gourd,Bitter Cucumber,La-kwa,Leprosy Gourd,Peria Laut,Bitter Melon
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: A monoecious, herbaceous annual. It is a climber and has a twining growth form and climbs with the aid of tendrils. 
      Foliage: The leaves are simple, palmately veined with a lobed and crenate margin and are alternately arranged along the stem. 
      Flowers: The flowers are solitary and yellow. 
      Fruits: The fruit is a pepo and is ovate-elliptical to elongate-fusiform with a surface covered wit ridges, wrinkles or spines. The immature fruit is green with white seeds. The fruit turns orange when mature and splits open from top down to reveal bright red seeds. 
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: The immature fruits are often cooked and eaten as a vegetable. They are rich in vitamins A and C. To reduce the bitter taste, the sliced gourd can be marinated in salt and squeezed to remove the bitter juice. After rinsing the slices, the spongy interior and seeds are removed. They are often stir-fried, stuffed with minced pork, fried with eggs or added to soups.)
      Medicinal (The fruits are used in folk medicine to treat diabetes. Its juice is applied externally to treat skin disorders and its juice is drunk as a cure for arthritis, rheumatism and asthma. Studies have shown that eating the fruits may help in lowering blood glucose levels. )
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Fruits
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Vertical Greenery / Green Wall, Trellis / Arbour / Pergola
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Economic Garden
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water, Occasional Misting
      Propagation Method :
      Seed / Spore Germination Duration :
      5 Days to 7 Days
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage
      Foliar Venation :
      Foliar Margin :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual Flowers (Monoecious)
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Yellow / Golden
      Flower Grouping :
      Flower Location :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Green, Orange
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Bumpy / Tuberculate
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Mature Seed Colour(s) :
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

   Last updated on:

  Download Image  Print Page

Public Comment     

Total page hits: 552
© 2013 National Parks Board, Singapore. Supported client browser: IE6+, Firefox 1.05+, Chrome 12+, Opera 7.52+, Netscape 7.1+