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  Monstera deliciosa
  Family Name : Araceae

  Synonyms : Philodendron pertusum

  Common Names : Ceriman, Swiss-cheese Plant, Window Plant, Fruit Salad Plant, Split-leaf Philodendron

 
Ceriman,Swiss-cheese Plant,Window Plant,Fruit Salad Plant,Split-leaf Philodendron
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Southern Mexico & Central America
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Large root climber 
      Foliage: Leaves leathery, mid to dark green, 30 - 90cm wide, blades dissected and with perforations. Petioles flattened, to 1m long. 
      Flowers: Inflorescence to 25 (30)cm long, spathe white
      Fruits: Compound fruit to 30(40)cm long by 9cm wide. Fruits hexagonal cells to 1cm wide, tightly fitted together, edges loosening when ripe. 
      Cultivation :
      Smaller specimens of this species are popular as house plants as it is tolerant of indoor light levels (i.e. very bright - bright shade). Large specimens are used for outdoor landscaping where it is allowed to sprawl on the ground or climb up very large trees. 
      Etymology :
      The name Monstera deliciosa literally means a 'Delicious Monstrosity', and points to the edible fruits that taste like a cross between pineapples and jackfruits (or bananas, in certain accounts).
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      [Others]: Only the fully ripened fruits should be eaten. The unripe fruits contain oxalate crystals, and these can irritate the mouth and throat, causing inflammation of the tissues. According to certain sources, some individuals have also displayed such symptoms after consuming the ripe fruits. If unsure of whether one will develop symptoms for eating the fruit, do not consume it. 
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils, Low Humidity / Aircon, Disease / Pest Resistant, Easy to Grow
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Irritant - Sap, Large Heavy Fruits, [Remarks]
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Vertebrates (Other Mammal))
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Semi-Shade, Full Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Pest(s) :
      Sucking Insects
      Propagation Method :
      Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green, White
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Cream / Off-White, White
      FlowerTexture(s) :
      Leathery
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Inflorescence Type :
      Spathe & Spadix
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Green, Yellow / Golden
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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