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  Gynochthodes umbellata (L.) Razafim. & B. Bremer
  Family Name : Rubiaceae

  Synonyms : Morinda umbellata

  Common Names : Akar Ketang, Akar Perut Ayam, Buah Butang, Mengkudu Akar, Mengnkudu Hutan, Mengkudu Jantan, Mengkukdu Kechil

  Chinese Name : 印度羊角藤

Akar Ketang,Akar Perut Ayam,Buah Butang,Mengkudu Akar,Mengnkudu Hutan,Mengkudu Jantan,Mengkukdu Kechil
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Northeast India, Japan, China, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, tropical Australia and West Pacific.
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest; Coastal Forest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Common)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a thin, semi-woody to woody climber.
      Foliage: Its opposite, stalked leaves have thin, leathery blades that are usually narrowly oblong or oval to lance-shaped, dark green above, green below, 8.9–13 by 2.5–3.4 cm, and have 5–6 pairs of veins.
      Flowers: Its flowers have white, bell-shaped petals that are covered with woolly hair on the inside and tips, and the flowers are arranged in clusters at the end of flowering branches.
      Fruits: Its fruits are arranged in round to oblong, red, 1 cm wide infructescences.
      Habitat :
      It grows in inland forests and coastal habitats. It occurs locally in Pulau Ubin (including Chek Jawa), Pulau Tekong (including Pulau Tekong Kechil), Central Catchment Nature Reserve (including Upper Peirce Reservoir), Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Labrador Park, and Sentosa Island.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect-pollinated.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Latin umbellata, with the branches of the flower clusters all rising from the same point
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: The ripe fruits are eaten raw.; Herb & Spice: The unripe, green fruits are used in curries.)
      Medicinal (The boiled roots are applied to treat dropsy and a decoction of the leaves and roots are used to expel parasitic worms in the body. )
      [Others]: Its roots are used to make yellow dye. The tough stems can be used as rough ropes. 
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable for growing on trellises and pergolas.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Fruits
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Saline Soils / Salt Spray, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Coastal, Trellis / Arbour / Pergola
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water, Little Water
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Leathery, Thin
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      FlowerTexture(s) :
      Hairy / Hirsute
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Symmetry :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Orange, Red
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Berry)
  • References
    • Razafimandimbison, S.G. & Bremer, B.. 2011. Nomenclatural changes and taxonomic notes in the tribe Morindeae (Rubiaceae). Adansonia Ser 3. . 33 (2): 283 - 309
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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