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  Trichosanthes wawraei Cogn.
  Family Name : Cucurbitaceae

  Common Names : Akar Cabang Tiga

Akar Cabang Tiga
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      10 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Java, and Borneo
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Mountain; Secondary Rainforest; Freshwater Swamp Forest; Disturbed Area / Open Ground)
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Vulnerable (VU))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a unisexual or occasionally bisexual climber up to 10 m long.
      Foliage: Its stalked leaves are either simple or trifolioliate, with membranous to papery leaf blades that are narrowly egg-shaped or elliptic, shallowly to deeply lobed, and 7–17 by 4.5–9 cm. The simple leaves grade into leaflets over time. Its middle leaflets are narrowly drop-shaped and 4.5–10 by 2–5 cm.
      Flowers: Its male flowering shoots are 5–30 flowered. The white flowers are nocturnal and fragrant. Probracts (leaf-like structure) with glands are present at the base of flowers about 3–5 by 1.5–3 mm.
      Fruits: Its fruits are egg-shaped, orange red with yellow stripes, and about 6–9 by 5–7 cm. Its ellipsoid or drop-shaped seeds are brown or black and up to 15 mm wide.
      Habitat :
      It grows in primary, degraded, swamp or montane forests, up to 1700 m in altitude. 
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect-pollinated.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Latin Trichosanthes, hairy flowers, referring to the flowers of some species of the genus.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal (Its pounded leaves can be applied to the abdomen for ague and abdominal pains. Its leaf juice has been used to treat paralysis and oedema.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable for parks, growing on trellises and pergolas.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits, Fragrant (Flowers: Night)
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Trellis / Arbour / Pergola
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate, Compound (Trifoliate)
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate; Elliptical; Palmate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire, Palmately Lobed
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual & Bisexual Flowers(Sub-dioecious)
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Flower Symmetry :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Orange, Red, Yellow / Golden
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Pepo)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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