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  Vanilla griffithii Rchb.f.
  Family Name : Orchidaceae

  Common Names : Akar Penubal, Akar Telinah, Kerbau Bukit, Mengkapas

 
Akar Penubal,Akar Telinah,Kerbau Bukit,Mengkapas
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and Karimun Island
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest; Freshwater Swamp Forest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Vulnerable (VU))
      CITES Protection :
      True
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a climber up to about 6 m long.
      Foliage: Its alternate leaves may or may not be stalked. The leaves have fleshy leaf blades that are lance-shaped or egg-shaped-lance-shaped and 15 by 7.5 cm.
      Flowers: The flowers are borne on an inflorescence which can bear up to 12 or more flowers. The flower sepals and petals are white with pale green tips. The flower lip is white with a pale yellow tip the side-lobes of the lip are broad and reflexed, showing the column. The midlobe is bilobed, with a thin and finely frilled edge and a v-shaped callus. The basal part of the flower lip has red-brown bands running along the inner surface. The flowers open widely when in bloom, up to 5 cm and last for a day. 
      Fruits: Its fruits are 5 cm long, ripening yellow, and 2.5 cm wide.
      Habitat :
      It grows in forests.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect-pollinated.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed or stem cutting.
      Etymology :
      Latin vanilla, little-sheath; Latin griffithii, commemorating William Griffith (1810–1845), an English botanist.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: Its fruit is sweet and edible.)
      Medicinal (Its flowers pulped in water may be used as an application to the body in violent fever.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable for parks as a climber on trees for its attractive flowers.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Abiotic
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Little Water, Occasional Misting
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Glossy / Shiny, Thick
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate, Sessile
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Oval; Lanceolate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Parallel
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Green, White
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Axillary
      Flower Symmetry :
      Bilateral
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Labiate / Lipped
      Flower Size :
      5 cm
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Yellow / Golden
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Capsule)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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