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  Willughbeia edulis Roxb.
  Family Name : Apocynaceae

  Synonyms : Willughbeia coriacea, Willughbeia dulcis, Willughbeia firma

  Common Names : Aguh Gitan, Akar Getah Gerip

Aguh Gitan,Akar Getah Gerip
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, Peninsular Malaysia, and Singapore
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest; Freshwater Swamp Forest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a woody climber with long and branched tendrils. Its branches are marked with lenticels. Its bark is black and warty. All plant parts exude white latex when cut or damaged.
      Foliage: Its opposite, stalked leaves have papery or rather leathery leaf blades that are oval or oblong, 3.2–25 by 1.2–12 cm, and sometimes up to 5 times as long as wide.
      Flowers: Its flowering clusters are 2.8 cm long, often with 3–12 flowers each, arising singly or at most doubly from a leaf axil. Its white or yellow flowers are fragrant.
      Fruits: Its fruits are round or egg-shaped berries, and about 1.2–5.8 cm wideacross. Its seeds with are up to 13 mm across.
      Habitat :
      It grows in lowland forests and freshwater swamp forests. It occurs locally in Bukit Timah, Central Catchment Nature Reserve, along Chestnut Track, Seletar Track, in Mandai, Mount Serapong, Nee Soon Swamp Forest, Pulau Ubin (Chek Jawa), Pulau Tekong, and Pulau Ubin.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect-pollinated. Its fruits are eaten by mammals.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Latin Willughbeia, commemorating Francis Willughby, an 18th century English naturalist; Latin edulis, edible, referring to this plant’s edible fruits
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: Its fruits are edible.)
      Medicinal (Its stem and latex have been used in treating dysentery, liver problems and yaws.)
      [Others]: It was a source of poor quality rubber before introduction of the rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis).
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable for parks.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water, Little Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Papery, Leathery
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Oval; Oblong)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      White, Yellow / Golden
      Flower Grouping :
      Solitary, Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Green - Light Green
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Berry)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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