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  Microsorum scolopendria
  Family Name : Polypodiaceae

  Synonyms : Aglaomorpha colopendria, Phymatosorus scolopendria, Polypodium phymatodes, Polypodium scolopendria

  Common Names : Paku Wangi, Wart Fern, Sakat Hitam

  Chinese Name : 瘤蕨

Paku Wangi,Wart Fern,Sakat Hitam
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Ferns & Allies (Non-Seed Vascular Plants) (Fern)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Epiphyte, Lithophyte
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Africa, Sri Lanka, Southern China, South East Asia, Australia and Polynesia
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Agricultural Land; Secondary Rainforest; Coastal Forest; Disturbed Area / Open Ground), Shoreline (Coastal Cliff; Rocky Beach)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Common)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Epiphytic or lithophytic fern with long creeping rhizomes.
      Foliage: Fronds light green, leathery, to 40cm long by 40cm wide, deeply lobed, with up to 6 lateral lobes; mid rib and main veins of lobes raised on both surfaces. Fronds of juvenile plants often simple and elliptic to narrowly ovate in outline. Sori rusty orange- brown, round - elliptic, set in irregular rows on either sides of the midrib, sunken or in shallow pits, raised on upper upper surface. 
      Etymology :
      Genus Phymatosorus means "warted" and with reference to the sori. Species scolopendria refers to the numerous sori and comparing the arrangement to the legs of a millipede. 
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      [Others]: Fronds are fragrant (contains coumarin) and are used to perfume clothes & coconut oil
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Dry Soils / Drought, Well-Drained Soils, Disease / Pest Resistant, Easy to Grow
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Coastal, Beachfront / Shoreline, Vertical Greenery / Green Wall, Riverine, Groundcover, Skyrise / Balcony, Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant, Container Planting, Hanging Basket
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Naturalistic Garden
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Seed / Spore Dispersal :
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Semi-Shade, Full Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water, Little Water, Occasional Misting
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Propagation Method :
      Spore, Division
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green, Green - Light Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Leathery
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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