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  Psilotum nudum
  Family Name : Psilotaceae

  Common Names : Skeleton Fork Fern, Whisk Fern

  Chinese Name : 松叶蕨

Skeleton Fork Fern,Whisk Fern
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Ferns & Allies (Non-Seed Vascular Plants) (Whisk Fern)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Epiphyte, Lithophyte
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      America, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore
      Native Habitat :
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal, Temperate
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Common)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Erect, fern-like plants, growing up to about 20 - 50 cm long, and dichotomously forked.
      Roots: Branched rhizomes, usually clumped together. 
      Foliage: Foliage reduced to small scale-like leaves, measuring about 1 - 2.5 mm long, absence of venation pattern.
      Stems: Yellowish-green stems, much branched towards the tip and triangular in section, measuring about 4 - 5 mm in diameter.
      Reproductive Parts (non-flowering plant): Yellow sporangia 3-lobed, measuring about 2 - 3 mm wide, on axils of leaves and more prominent on upper stems.
      Habitat :
      Can be found occurring on rock crevices, swamps and rocky slopes.
      Etymology :
      Psilotum comes from the Greek word psilos, which means smooth and referring to the smooth stems. nudum comes from the Latin word nudus, which means naked and referring to the naked character of the stems.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal (Can be used to treat constipation and respiratory problems.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Container Planting
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Seed / Spore Dispersal :
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Spore, Division
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Foliar Modification :
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Root Symbiosis :
      Fungal Mycorrhiza, [Remarks] (Forms a relationship with an endophytic mycorrhizal fungus as absorbing nutrients and water through rhizomes is not efficient.)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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