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  Allophylus cobbe (L.) Reausch.
  Family Name : Sapindaceae

  Common Names : Tit-berry

  Chinese Name : 广布异木患

  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Maximum Height :
      3 m to 25 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Pantropics, Malesia and Australia
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Common)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is usually a shrub or climber up to 25 m tall, but in Singapore, it is usually 3 m or less.
      Foliage: Its spirally arranged, shortly-stalked leaves are usually trifoliate (bearing three leaflets). They have membranous, fleshy or leathery leaf blades that are usually oval or oblong, 2.5 - 35 cm by 1.5 - 22 cm, and somewhat toothed at the margins. Its dried, dull and shiny leaf blades are greenish to greyish or dark brown above, and light green to reddish-brown below.
      Flowers: Its shortly-stalked flowers are faintly fragrant, up to 2.5 mm wide, with white petals, and green to whitish sepals. They are found on branched or unbranched axes of the flowering shoot up to 40 cm long.
      Fruits: Its 1-seeded fruits are round, 4.5–13 by 3.5–8 mm, smooth to slightly wrinkled, and ripen dull orange-red.
      Habitat :
      It grows in coastal to inland forests, from lowland up to 2,000 m altitude. In Singapore, it grows at the landward edge of mangrove forest, and sandy beaches. It occurs locally in the vicinity of Kranji Reservoir, Sembawang, Pasir Panjang, Pulau Ubin, and Pulau Tekong, as well as other coastal sites.
      Associated Fauna :
      It is the preferred local food plant for caterpillars of the moths, Cleora injectaria and Gonodontis clelia. Its flowers are visited by bees. Its fruits are also eaten and dispersed by birds.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal (The bark is applied to burns and rigid abdomen. Fever and stomach-ache can be treated using the pulped leaves, or an extraction or decoction of them, as well as a decoction of the roots and bark.), Timber & Products (The wood, though said to be hard and not very durable, is usually used for temporary and indoor structures. It is also used as firewood, and for making canes, and hilts.)
      [Others]: Children can also use extracts of the leaves as mouthwash. The fruits are used to make fish poison. 
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Dry Soils / Drought, Moist Soils, Waterlogged Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Saline Soils / Salt Spray
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Coastal, Beachfront / Shoreline, Hedge / Screening, Riverine
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Air-Layering
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Glossy / Shiny
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      [Remarks] (Orange-Red)
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Wrinkled
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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