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  Alocasia longiloba Miq.
  Family Name : Araceae

  Synonyms : Alocasia denudata, Alocasia lowii, Alocasia singaporensis, Alocasia veitchii, Caladium veitchii

  Common Names : Keladi Rimau, Keladi Ular, Birah Kijang, Birah Hitam

 
Keladi Rimau,Keladi Ular,Birah Kijang,Birah Hitam
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub (Herbaceous)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Maximum Height :
      150 cm
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      From China, throughout Indochina, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Java, to Borneo and Sulawesi.
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Inland Cliff; Secondary Rainforest; Freshwater Swamp Forest; Riverine)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Common)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a herb, up to 150 cm tall with a thickened lower stem (corm) up to 60 cm long.
      Foliage: Its alternate, stalked leaves have leaf blades that are arrow head-shaped, dark green above, light green or purple on the underside, and 25-85 by 7-40 cm, with or without whitish veins. Its chocolate brown leaf stalk is usually mottled.
      Flowers: Its flowers grow in a 6-13 cm long shoot enclosed by a greenish to white colour modified leaf (spathe) that is 9-10 cm long.
      Fruits: Its fruits are round, orange, 4-7 mm long, and contain one large seed.
      Habitat :
      It grows in rain-, and swamp forests, bamboo thickets, cliffs, limestone, in regrowth, on exposed cliffs and ravines, and river-banks, up to 2,000 m altitude.
      Associated Fauna :
      The flowers are pollinated by flies. The fruits are probably eaten by small mammals and birds.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed, or division of the buds off the corm.
      Etymology :
      Latin, Alocasia, distinct from Colocasia. Latin, longiloba, long lobes, referring to the long lobes of the arrow-shaped leaves.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      [Others]: It is grown as an ornamental plant.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is a good native substitute for Alocasia macrorrhizos, an exotic species that is often cultivated in Singapore. The large, arrow-shaped leaves make this an attractive ornamental plant for backdrops or borders in partial shade to shaded sites.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils, Easy to Grow
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Semi-Shade, Full Shade
      Water Preference :
      Lots of Water, Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Moderate
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Division
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Leathery
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Rosulate / Rosette
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Sagittate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Acute
      Foliar Base :
      Sagittate
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      3.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Monocot)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual Flowers (Monoecious)
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Cream / Off-White, White
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Terminal
      Inflorescence Type :
      Spathe & Spadix
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Orange
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Glossy / Shiny
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Berry)
  • References
    • Tan, P.Y., R.T. Corlett and H.T.W. Tan (Editors). 2010. A Field Guide to the Native Garden @ HortPark: an Urban Oasis of the Native Flora and Fauna of Singapore. Singapore: Centre for Urban Greenery and Ecology (National Parks Board) and National University of Singapore. 124pp
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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