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  Aptenia cordifolia Schwantes
  Family Name : Aizoaceae

  Synonyms : Mesembryanthemum cordifolium, Aptenia cordifolius, Aptenia cordifolia

  Common Names : Baby Sun Rose, Heartleaf Iceplant, Ice Plant, Red Aptenia, Dew Plant, Rock Rose

 
Baby Sun Rose,Heartleaf Iceplant,Ice Plant,Red Aptenia,Dew Plant,Rock Rose
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
      True
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Herbaceous Plant
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Maximum Height :
      0.3 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      South Africa
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Desert / Semi-Desert)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Desert / Arid
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Creeping succulent perennial.
      Foliage: Light green, smooth, fleshy leaves are ovate or heart-shaped with entire leaf margin (6 cm long, 2.5 cm wide). Opposite, stalkless leaves are slightly folded inwards.
      Stems: Stem may be 4-angled or round (60 cm long). It grows prostrate along the ground.
      Flowers: Bright red or orange flowers occur singly or in clusters of 3 at the stem tips (1.5 cm wide). The flowers resemble asters, having many thin, linear petals and a small yellow center. Flowers open around noon or early afternoon.
      Fruits: Dry, dehiscent fruits are known as capsules. Capsules are 4-chambered with each chamber containing one brown to black, rough-textured seed.
      Associated Flora :
      This species is endemic to South Africa. It is found along the coast or in areas that receive summer rainfall. It occurs at altitudes of 20 - 800 m.
      Cultivation :
      In Singapore, this species requires air conditioning to survive. For optimal growth, plant this species in fertile, well-draining sandy soil enriched with compost, leaving 0.5 - 0.6 m of space between individuals. Feed plants with a slow release fertilizer. For container plantings, use pots at least 20 cm deep and allow the soil to dry before rewatering. Propagate by seed, stem cuttings or division. Stem cuttings root easily in about 3 weeks.
      Etymology :
      The genus "Aptenia" is derived from the Latin word that means wingless ("apten"). The reference is to the seeds which lack wings. The species epithet "cordifolia" originates from the Latin words for heart ("cor") and leaf ("folium"). It refers to the heart-shaped leaves.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal
      [Others]: Medicine: The leaves are applied as a poultice on wounds. It is also used as a gentle enema for babies.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable for container plantings and would be attractive draped over the sides of a hanging basket.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils, [Remarks] (Sandy soil)
      Landscape Uses :
      Flowerbed / Border, Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant, Container Planting, Hanging Basket
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Invasive / Potentially Invasive
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Bee))
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Abiotic (Wind; Explosive Dehiscence)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Little Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Fast
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Low
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting, Division
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny, Thick
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Opposite
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate; Cordate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Acute
      Foliar Base :
      Rounded / Obtuse
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Microphyll ( 2.25cm2 - 20.25 cm2 )
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Stem Type & Modification :
      Herbaceous
      Root Type :
      Underground (Tap Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Orange, Red
      Flower Symmetry :
      Radial
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Ligulate / Strap-shaped
      Flower Size :
      Remarks (1.5 cm wide)
      Inflorescence Type :
      Head / Capitulum
      Flowering Period :
      Free-Flowering
      Flowering Opening Time :
      Daytime
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Follicle)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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