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  Axonopus compressus
  Family Name : Poaceae (Gramineae)

  Common Names : Tropical Carpet Grass, Wide-Leaved Carpet Grass, Cow Grass, Rumput Parit

Tropical Carpet Grass,Wide-Leaved Carpet Grass,Cow Grass,Rumput Parit
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Grass & Grass-like Plant
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      South America, Mexico & Brazil
      Native Habitat :
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic (Spontaneous ( Naturalized))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Creeping stoloniferous grass, forms a dense mat on the ground surface, rarely reaching more than 15 cm tall. New shoots developing from older nodes can be up to 50 cm tall. 
      Foliage: Leaf sheath loose, compressed, keeled; leaf blade broadly oblong, blunt, measuring 5 - 15 x 0.4 - 1 cm, hairy.
      Stems: Creeping stem, internodes flattened, measuring 3 - 3.5 cm long, nodes hairy. 
      Flowers: Inflorescence; each stalk carries 2 - 3 spikelets measuring about 4 - 10 cm, stalks arise from the uppermost leaf sheath; spikelet flattened, has 2 flowers, green, elliptical, pointed, measures 2 - 3.5 mm x 1 - 1.3 mm, upper floret bisexual. 
      Fruits: Caryopsis, elliptical shaped, measures 1.25 mm long, yellow-brown colour.  
      Habitat :
      Flourish well in moist soil, and humid areas. 
      Similar :
      Similar to A. affinis  but it is more robust, has stouter stolon and culm as well as wider leaves.
      Etymology :
      The genus Axonopus means axle-stalkted, which refers to the spicate raceme that radiate around the upper part of rachis.
      The specific epithet compressus means flattened sideways, pressed together. 
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      [Others]: A good ground cover to prevent soil erosion, and used widely as a lawn grass in the tropical and subtropical area. 
  • Landscaping Features
    • Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Coastal
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Stolon / Runner
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Green - Light Green
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Oblong)
      Foliar Venation :
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire, Ciliate / Hairy
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      2.0 (Turfgrass)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Inflorescence Type :
      Spikelet / Compound Spike
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Brown, Yellow / Golden
      Fruit Type :
      Indehiscent Dry Fruit (Caryopsis / Grain)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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