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  Iris domestica (Linn.) DC.
  Family Name : Iridaceae

  Synonyms : Acidanthera chinensis, Belamcanda punctata, Pardanthus chinensis, Ixia chinensis, Iris chinensis, Acidanthera chinensis, Belamcanda pampaninii, Belamcanda chinensis var. taiwanensis, Belamcanda chinensis

  Common Names : Leopard Flower, Blackberry Lily, Salmon Blood Lily, Pokok Kipis

  Chinese Name : 射干

Leopard Flower,Blackberry Lily,Salmon Blood Lily,Pokok Kipis
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub (Herbaceous; Creeper)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      0.6 m to 1 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Himalaya to Japan and Philippines
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Grassland / Savannah/ Scrubland)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      [Others]: Shrub, herbaceous, 0.6-1.0m height. Leaves grassy, strap-like, arranged in flattened fans on short upright stems. Flowers orange-yellow dotted with red, roll up tightly after being pollinated. Fruits dry pods, mature from green to brown, split to reveal clusters of seeds. Seeds black, toxic when ingested. Ideal as free-flowering and showy groundcover in flower borders with moist, well-drained soils. Able to bloom in partial shade. Rhizomes pale brown. Propagate by division of rootball or seeds.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves)
      Food (Herb & Spice)
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves), Medicinal, Cut / Dried Flower
      [Others]: Flowers and mature seed pods used in flower arrangements. Long history of use in traditional Chinese medicine. Rhizomes believed to be cooling, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory. Used as tonic for lung and liver problems, coughs, tonsillitis, improving appetite. Also has abortive effect, and may cause miscarriage in first trimester.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils, Easy to Grow
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Swimming Poolside, Flowerbed / Border, Container Planting
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Golden Garden, Naturalistic Garden, Butterfly Garden
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Toxic Upon Ingestion, [Remarks] (Seeds slightly toxic when eaten. Rhizomes can cause abortion and miscarriage in pregnant women.)
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Butterfly Food Plant
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Butterfly, Moth))
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Abiotic (Explosive Dehiscence)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Planting Distance :
      0.4 m
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Diseases :
      May suffer crown rot in waterlogged soils.
      Pest(s) :
      Associated with
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Division
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Linear)
      Foliar Venation :
      Foliar Margin :
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Mesophyll ( 45cm2 - 182.25 cm2 )
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      3.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Monocot)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Stem Type & Modification :
      Root Type :
      Underground (Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Orange, Red, Yellow / Golden
      Flowering Period :
      Flowering Opening Time :
      Flower Lifespan On Plant :
      1 Day
      Flowering Habit :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Capsule)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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