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  Bixa orellana L.
  Family Name : Bixaceae

  Synonyms : Bixa arborea

  Common Names : Anatto, Lipstick Tree, Achiote, Lipstick Plant, Kesumba, Jarak Belanda, Annato Dye Plant, Kunyit Jawa, Kesumba Keling

  Chinese Name : 红木, 胭脂树

 
Anatto,Lipstick Tree,Achiote,Lipstick Plant,Kesumba,Jarak Belanda,Annato Dye Plant,Kunyit Jawa,Kesumba Keling
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Shrubby (1m-5m)), Shrub
      Maximum Height :
      10 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Tropical America
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Mountain)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Small tree that grows up to 4 m tall.
      Flowers: Pink, star-shaped flowers are composed of 5 obovate petals and numerous stamens. They occur in small clusters near the branch tips.
      Fruits: Bright red fruits are egg-shaped and bristly, resembling rambutans. The seeds are wrapped in orange-red, creamy tissue known as arils. Fruits eventually turn brown before splitting open.
      Etymology :
      The common name Achiote is dervied from the Nahuatl word (a Mexican dialect) for the species which is "achiotl."
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Food (Herb & Spice)
      Medicinal (Mixture of red pulp and oil can be apply to skin to help in healing of minor wounds and burns, prevents scaring and blisters. Leaves are used to treat fever, snake bite, sore throat, dysentery and leprosy.  The roots are used as a purgative and the root bark are used as antipyretic and antiperiodic in Philippines.)
      [Others]: The red-orange dye obtained from the pulp are commonly used for coloring rice, cheeses, soft drinks, and soup. The dye is also used to dye textiles in some regions.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      Is commonly planted for its ornamental flowers and reddish fruits along the wayside and small garden.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Fruits
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Easy to Grow
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate)
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Cream / Off-White, Pink
      FlowerTexture(s) :
      Smooth
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Terminal
      Flower Symmetry :
      Radial
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Stellate / Star-shaped
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Red
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Bristly
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Capsule)
      Mature Seed Colour(s) :
      Red
  • References
    • Polunin, Ivan. 2010. Plants and Flowers of Singapore. Malaysia: Marshall Cavendish Editions
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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