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  Canna glauca L.
  Family Name : Cannaceae

  Synonyms : Canna angustifolia, Canna annaei, Canna fintelmannii, Canna hassleriana, Canna jacobiniflora, Canna lancifolia, Canna liturata, Canna longifolia, Canna mexicana, Canna pedicellata, Canna siamensis, Canna stenantha, Canna stolonifera, Canna stricta

  Common Names : Aquatic Canna

 
Aquatic Canna
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub (Herbaceous), Aquatic & Hydrophyte (Emergent; Waterside / Marginal)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Tropical America
      Native Habitat :
      Aquatic
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a herbaceous perennial which has unbranched stems and grows up to 1 m tall. 
      Foliage: Leaf blades are light green, narrowly ovate, measures 28 - 70 cm long and 1.5 - 14 cm wide, and clasping the stem at the base; both sheath and blade are glaucous, base cuneate, apex acute.
      Flowers: Inflorescence, raceme, at least 10 flowers per inflorescence, each flower is 7 - 10 cm long, yellow, bracts ovate; sepals narrowly elliptic, petals tube-like.
      Fruits: Fruit capsule, measures 2 - 5 cm long and 2 - 4 cm wide, globose to ellipsoid shape, young immature fruits are covered with small wart-like pattern on the fruit surface. When the fruit matures, it releases numerous seeds through the valves at the fruit top. Seeds are 0.7 - 1 mm x 0.6 - 0.8 mm, and brown mottled with black. 
      Habitat :
      It grows in marshes, ponds and swamps.
      Etymology :
      The genus term Canna means cane, reed which relates to the growing habit similar to grass in wetlands. 
      The specific epithet glauca means greyish-green, which refers to its leaf. 
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Stems)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: Its underground stems (rhizomes) is starchy and therefore eaten as a staple in the Andean areas of Southern America. The rhizomes were used as famine food during World War II.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Waterlogged Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Pond / Lake / River, Marsh / Bog, Container Planting
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Abiotic
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Lots of Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Root Cutting, Division
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate)
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Acuminate
      Foliar Base :
      Cuneate
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Yellow / Golden
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Tubular
      Inflorescence Type :
      Raceme
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Seed Colour(s) :
      Black, Brown
      Seed Quantity per Fruit :
      Numerous (>20)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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