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  Carissa macrocarpa 'Nana'
  Family Name : Apocynaceae

  Synonyms : Carissa grandiflora 'Nana'

  Common Names : Dwarf Natal Plum

  Chinese Name : 大花假虎刺

 
Dwarf Natal Plum
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
      True
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub (Woody)
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Dwarf
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      South Africa
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is an evergreen and dwarf shrub. It is woody, and thornless, unlike the more common Carissa macrocarpa.
      Foliage: Foliage are simple, dark green, thick and leathery. Its leaf blade is glossy, broadly ovate in shape, and oppositely arranged along the stem.

      Flowers: Flowers are white, and has overlapping 5 petals, star-shaped, tubular, and fragrant. The petals are narrowly oblong.
      Fruits: Fruits are scarlet in colour and oblong shaped. It is edible and has cranberry-like flavour. 
      Etymology :
      The genus Carissa is Sanskrit for Carissa carandas, Christ's thorn or carunda.
      The specific epithet macrocarpa means, large fruit. 
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits, Fragrant (Flowers: Day, Night)
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Dry Soils / Drought, Saline Soils / Salt Spray, Shallow Media (8 -10cm)
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Coastal, Green Roof, Container Planting, Bonsai
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Fragrant / Aromatherapy Garden
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Butterfly Food Plant
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Moderate
      Propagation Method :
      Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny, Thick
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Green
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Opposite
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Sessile
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Stem Type & Modification :
      Woody
      Root Type :
      Underground (Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      White
      Flower Location :
      Terminal
      Flower Symmetry :
      Radial
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Tubular
      Flowering Period :
      Free-Flowering
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Black, Purple, Red
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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