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  Catharanthus roseus 'Alba'
  Family Name : Apocynaceae

  Common Names : Madagascar Periwinkle

 
Madagascar Periwinkle
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
  • Biogeography
    • Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: A herbaceous shrub growing up to 1 m tall.
      Foliage: Leaves obovate or elliptic, measuring 2.5 - 9 cm long and 1 - 3.5 cm wide, dark green and glossy, oppositely arranged along the stem.
      Stems: Bruised stems produce milky sap.
      Flowers: Corolla white, tubular, 2.5 - 3 cm long; lobes 5, broadly obovate and measuring 1 - 2 cm. 
      Fruits: Follicles, measuring 2 - 3.8 cm long and about 3 mm wide. 
      Etymology :
      The generic term Catharanthus means perfect flower.
      The specific epithet roseus means rose-like or rose-coloured, in this case, rose-like flower shape.
      Variety 'Alba' means white, which refers to the flower colour. 
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal (The decoction of the plants is used for the treatment of diarrhoea, diabetes, malaria, and skin diseases.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Poor Infertile Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Flowerbed / Border, Container Planting, Hanging Basket
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Butterfly Food Plant, Moth Food Plant
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Abiotic (Explosive Dehiscence)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Low
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Green
      Young Flush Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Obovate; Elliptical)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Rounded
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Stem Type & Modification :
      Herbaceous
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      White
      FlowerTexture(s) :
      Smooth
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Terminal
      Flowering Period :
      Free-Flowering
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Follicle)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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