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  Cyperus papyrus
  Family Name : Cyperaceae

  Common Names : Bulrush, Paper Plant, Papyrus, Paper Reed, Egyptian Paper Plant

Bulrush,Paper Plant,Papyrus,Paper Reed,Egyptian Paper Plant
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub (Herbaceous), Aquatic & Hydrophyte (Emergent; Waterside / Marginal)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Fountain (Palm-like)
      Maximum Height :
      2.5 m to 3.0 m
      Maximum Plant Spread / Crown Width :
      0.9 m to 1.2 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Egypt, Sudan, North Africa
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Riverine)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      [Others]: Emergent aquatic or marginal sedge, up to 3m height. Tall, impressive shrub for large water features with calm water (50cm depth).Leaves reduced, at base of culms. Stems triangular in cross-section, main stems topped by wiry heads of shiny green stalks to form flowering heads. Flowers small, pale brown. Flower heads droop with age. Fruits dark brown, nuts. Propagate by division of woody rhizomes at base of clumps.Stem piths used to make papyrus sheets by ancient Eygptians. Stems woven into reed mats and baskets (bulrush basket used to hold biblical baby Moses). Starchy rhizomes and flowering culms eaten raw or cooked by north Africans. Young stems grazed by livetsock. Ash from burnt papyrus used to treat wounds and ulcers.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Stems)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable; Herb & Spice )
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Stems), Medicinal, Cut / Dried Flower
      [Others]: Stem pith used to make papryrus sheets in ancient Eygpt. Starchy rhizomes and flowering heads eaten raw or cooked in north Africa. Flower heads also used to make garlands. Young shoots grazed by livestock. Ash from burnt papyrus sheets used to treat wounds and ulcers.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Stems
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Waterlogged Soils (Drains Site), Fertile Loamy Soils, Easy to Grow
      Landscape Uses :
      Riverine, Swimming Poolside, Focal Plant, Container Planting
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Naturalistic Garden, Water Garden, Bioswales / Sunken Garden
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Abiotic (Wind)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Abiotic (Wind; Water)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Lots of Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Moderate, [Remarks] (Centre of clump tends to die back and look unsightly. Practicse division and start new clumps to maintain attractiveness.)
      Pruning :
      Prune to restrict growth.
      Fertilizing :
      Plant is a heavy feeder. Fertilize once per month.
      Potential Problems :
      Spreads quicky and extensively under favourable conditions. May invade space of other plants, unless pruned back.
      Diseases :
      May be affected by mealybugs if grown indoors.
      Pest(s) :
      Associated with
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Division, [Remarks] (Division may require use of chainsaw to cut through thick woody rhizome.)
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Foliar Modification :
      Reduced / Needle-like
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Nanophyll ( 0.25cm2 - 2.25 cm2 )
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      3.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Monocot)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Stem Type & Modification :
      Root Type :
      Underground (Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Brown, Cream / Off-White, Green
      Flowering Period :
      Flowering Opening Time :
      Flowering Habit :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Indehiscent Dry Fruit (Nut / Nutlet)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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