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  Schumannianthus dichotomus (Roxb.) Gagnep.
  Family Name : Marantaceae

  Synonyms : Phrynium dichotomum

  Common Names : Common Donax, Bemban, Bamban Ai, Bamban Batu

  Chinese Name : 竹叶蕉, 蘭嶼竹芋

 
Common Donax,Bemban,Bamban Ai,Bamban Batu
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
      True
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub (Woody), Aquatic & Hydrophyte (Emergent; Waterside / Marginal)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Irregular
      Maximum Height :
      4 m to 5 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Myanmar to Indochina, Peninsular Malaysia, and Singapore
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial, Aquatic
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a shrub of about 1.5–2.5 m tall, with hard, upright woody stems that resemble smooth bamboo stems. The stems grow to about 1–2 m tall before branching and producing leaves.
      Foliage: Its alternate, stalked leaves have leathery leaf blades that are oval, and 10–15 by 6.5 cm. The petioles are short, covered with hair, and 5–8 mm long. The leaf sheaths are 6–11 cm long.
      Flowers: Its flowers are 4 cm long, faint pinkish-white with a yellowish staminode, borne on a simple or sometimes branched inflorescence.
      Fruits: Its fruits are 3-lobed, widening upwards from the base, covered with hair, and dehiscent. Each fruit bears 3 arillate seeds that dangle from the fruit wall after the fruit splits open.
      Habitat :
      It grows in swamps and along rivers, often forming thickets. It occurs locally in Central Catchment Nature Reserve.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect-pollinated.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed or by division of plants.
      Etymology :
      Schumannianthus, commemorating Karl Moritz Schumann (1851–1904), a German botanist from the Botanical Museum, Berlin, who monographed the family Marantaceae and other monocotyledonous families; Latin dichotomus, forked in pairs, repeatedly dividing into two branches, referring to the plant’s leaf arrangement
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal
      [Others]: The stems are used to make bed mats.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It may be suitable as a terrestrial indoor plant or as a marsh plant for the edges of ponds or waterways for its attractive foliage.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Fruits, Ornamental Form
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Waterlogged Soils (Drains Site), Fertile Loamy Soils, Easy to Grow
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Riverine, Pond / Lake / River, Marsh / Bog
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Naturalistic Garden, Water Garden, Economic Garden
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Lots of Water, Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Moderate
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Moderate
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Division
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny, Leathery, Raised / Sunken Veins
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate; Oval)
      Foliar Venation :
      Parallel
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Stem Type & Modification :
      Acaulescent
      Root Type :
      Underground (Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      White
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Symmetry :
      Bilateral
      Inflorescence Type :
      Panicle
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Yellow / Golden
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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