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  Eichhornia crassipes
  Family Name : Pontederiaceae

  Synonyms : Eichhornia crassicaulis, Pontederia crassipes, Pontederia elongata

  Common Names : Lilac Devil, Water Hyacinth, Kemeling Telur, Common Water Hyacinth

 
Lilac Devil,Water Hyacinth,Kemeling Telur,Common Water Hyacinth
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub, Aquatic & Hydrophyte (Floating)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Tropical America
      Native Habitat :
      Aquatic
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Floating, aquatic plant reaching up to 0.5 m wide.
      Roots: Fibrous roots are long and feathery.
      Foliage: Large, roundish leaves are slightly cupped, smooth and glossy with entire leaf margin. The leaf stalk is filled with air and helps to keep the plant afloat.
      Flowers: Light purple to blue flowers are arranged on a spike inflorescence. The top petal has a yellow, oval-shaped center surrounded by distinct, dark purple lines that originate from the base, radiate outwards and branch toward the middle and outer edges of the petal. The inflorescence perched on a long stalk can reach up to 0.6 m tall.
      Fruits: Fruit is a capsule that contains 3 compartments filled with small, ribbed seeds.
      Cultivation :
      This species can be grown in soil or water. The leaf stalk will be short and round in water, but long and thin in soil.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      [Others]: In rural areas, the leaves are used as pig feed. It has strong phytoremediation potential, because it absorbs many types of pollutants, such as lead, zinc, nickel, mercury, chromium, and arsenic. It also absorbs the nutrients nitrogen and phosphorous which are detrimental to the environment at excess levels. Research is being conducted on using this plant to treat sewage waste. In Cambodia, the leaf stalks are dried and weaved together to make various products, like baskets and table mats.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers
      Landscape Uses :
      Pond / Lake / River, Phytoremediation
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Lots of Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stolon / Runner
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Rosulate / Rosette
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Orbicular / Round)
      Foliar Venation :
      Parallel
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire - Wavy / Undulate
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Rounded
      Foliar Base :
      Rounded / Obtuse
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      3.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Monocot)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Blue, Purple
      FlowerTexture(s) :
      Smooth
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Terminal
      Flower Symmetry :
      Bilateral
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Stellate / Star-shaped
      Inflorescence Type :
      Spike
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Capsule)
      Mature Seed Texture(s) :
      Ridged / Corrugated
  • References
    • Yong J, Tan PY, Nor Hafiz Hassan, Tan SN. 2010. A Selection of Plants for Greening of Waterways and Waterbodies in the Tropics. Singapore: Chung Printing . 480 pp.
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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