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  Hanguana malayana (Jack) Merr.
  Family Name : Hanguanaceae

  Synonyms : Hanguana malayanum

  Common Names : Common Susum, Bakong Rimba

Common Susum,Bakong Rimba
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub (Herbaceous; Creeper; Trailing)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Maximum Height :
      2 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia (including Singapore), and Palau
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Freshwater Swamp Forest; Riverine), Aquatic (Freshwater Pond / Lake / River)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is an aquatic or terrestrial, perennial herbaceous plant up to 2 m tall.
      Foliage: Its grass-like, fleshy, stalked leaves have leaf blades that taper at both ends. Its leaf blades are also sometimes purple or red on the underside, and 20–127 by 1.5–17.5 cm, with dense venation.
      Flowers: Its green or yellow flowers grow on a branched flowering shoot.
      Fruits: Its round fruits ripen from shiny red and dark purple to black, are up to 2.5 cm wide and contain one seed.
      Habitat :
      It grows as an aquatic or terrestrial plant in lowland swamp forest, and hill forest up to 1,500 m altitude. It also grows in morasses, slow-moving freshwater, and along lake-shores and rivers, or humid forests.
      Associated Fauna :
      It is an important habitat for waterfowl such as the common moorhen, purple swamphens, as well as habitats for aquatic insects and fish at their dangling roots, and provides perches for dragonflies.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed and stolons.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is able to form floating islands in lakes owing to air present in its numerous air-vessels. The plant is large and attractive and useful for landscaping water bodies.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Waterlogged Soils (Does not Drain Site), Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Riverine, Pond / Lake / River, Marsh / Bog
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Lots of Water, Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stolon / Runner
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Rosulate / Rosette
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Lanceolate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Foliar Margin :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Yellow / Golden
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Black, Purple, Red
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Berry)

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