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  Hibiscus acetosella Welw. ex Hiern
  Family Name : Malvaceae

  Synonyms : Hibiscus eetveldianus

  Common Names : False Roselle, Rose Mallow, Red-Leaf Hibiscus, Cranberry Hibiscus

 
False Roselle,Rose Mallow,Red-Leaf Hibiscus,Cranberry Hibiscus
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
      TRUE
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub (Woody)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Shrubby
      Maximum Height :
      2 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Tropical Africa
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Foliage: Simple alternate leaves are slightly glossy and pubescent, deep red in colour and shape of lower leaves is usually shallowly to deeply palmately with 3 to 5 lobes but upper leaves are become undivided, with a distinct nectary located at base of midrib. Petiole dark red.
      Flowers: Flowers are solitary and bisexual, borne between the leaf axils with five petals that are pink in colour and lasting only a day. Petals are wine red with a dark purple centre, giving the flower a distinctive “eye” in the center. Self-pollination most commonly occurs for the flowers of H. acetosella but outcrossing by insects may occur too.
      Fruits: Fruit a red ovoid capsule that is many-seeded. Seeds reniform (= kidney-shaped) to globular, dark brown when ripe, and verruculose (= minutely verrucose, i.e. bearing wart-like projections on the surface).
      [Others]: Plant Growth Form: Erect annual or short-lived perennial herb or shrub that grows to 0.5 – 2.5 m tall, usually entirely red or with a marked red flush.
      Cultivation :
      Introduced as a vegetable or ornamental plant into Southeast Asia, H. acetosella is sometimes grown as a colourful temporary hedge. Red forms are popular ornamentals that are also grown in the temperate regions as frost-tender annuals. Grows on all kind of soils, but requires good drainage. A cultivar, H. acetosella ‘Red Shield’, has brilliant maroon leaves.Propagated by seed and stem cuttings. Diseases that are known to affect H. acetosella are soilborne diseases, such as Rhizoctonia solani and Sclerotium rolfisii.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves; Edible Flowers; Edible Fruits)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable)
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves; Edible Flowers; Edible Fruits), Medicinal
      [Others]: Food: A common home garden, vegetable, the sour and slightly mucilaginous leaves are eaten as a side dish with rice and also added in small quantities to several dishes. The red flowers and possibly also the leaves are occasionally used to make a tea, somewhat similar to the use of the red calyces of the roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa). The root is edible but insipid and fibrous. Medicine: In Angola, an infusion of the leaves in water is used as post-fever tonic and as medicine to treat anaemia. In East Africa, children with an aching body are washed in cold water to which some mashed H. acetosella leaves have been added.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils, Disease / Pest Resistant, Easy to Grow
      Landscape Uses :
      Hedge / Screening, Flowerbed / Border, Focal Plant, Container Planting
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Abiotic (Self-Pollinated)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Moderate
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Low
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Red
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Palmate)
      Foliar Margin :
      Palmately Lobed
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Microphyll ( 2.25cm2 - 20.25 cm2 )
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Pink
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Trumpet-shaped
      Ovary Position :
      Superior / Hypogynous
      Flower Lifespan On Plant :
      1 Day
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Brown
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Capsule)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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