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  Jatropha podagrica Hook.
  Family Name : Euphorbiaceae

  Common Names : Buddha Belly Plant, Gout Plant, Guatemalan Rhubarb, Australian Bottle Plant, Tartoga, Jarak Bunting, Gout Stick

  Chinese Name : 珊瑚油桐, 佛肚树

 
Buddha Belly Plant,Gout Plant,Guatemalan Rhubarb,Australian Bottle Plant,Tartoga,Jarak Bunting,Gout Stick
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
      True
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Maximum Height :
      0.6 m to 0.9 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Central America, Honduras, Nicaragua
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Succulent herb growing up to 1 m tall.
      Foliage: Large, round to ovate leaves (25-30 cm wide) are deeply divided into 3-5 lobes. Dark green, leathery leaves have prominent white veins.
      Stems: The stem base (known as a caudex) is swollen and knobby, growing up to 0.3 m wide. It contains a toxic, milky latex.
      Flowers: Pinkish-orange to red flowers are arranged in flat-topped, terminal clusters known as cymes. The flowers in the middle of the cluster open first. This species flowers throughout the year.
      Fruits: Round fruits (2.5-4 cm) are initially green and fleshy, becoming dark brown at maturity. They open by explosive dehiscence, throwing seeds more than 1 m away from the parent plant. Each fruit contains 2-3 black seeds (2 cm long). The fruits are toxic upon consumption.
      Cultivation :
      Leaves will grow bigger when the plant is grown in more shaded conditions.
      Etymology :
      Genus Jatropha means "Physician's food" and refers to the medicinal use of the plant. Species podagrica refers to the medicinal use of the plant in treating gout.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal
      [Others]: Roots have antibacterial properties.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Dry Soils / Drought, Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Small Gardens, Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant, Container Planting, Bonsai
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Toxic Upon Ingestion, Weak Branches
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Butterfly Food Plant (Flower Nectar), Bee-Attracting
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna), Abiotic (Explosive Dehiscence)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Little Water
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Low
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Deciduous
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Leathery
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate; Orbicular / Round)
      Foliar Venation :
      Palmate
      Foliar Margin :
      Palmately Lobed
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Acute
      Foliar Base :
      Truncate / Square
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Stem Type & Modification :
      Herbaceous
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual Flowers (Dioecious)
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Orange, Red
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Brown
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Capsule)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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