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  Syzygium buxifolium Hooker & Arnott
  Family Name : Myrtaceae

  Synonyms : Eugenia microphylla, Syzygium microphyllum, Eugenia sinensis

  Common Names : Boxleaf Eugenia, Fish-Scale Bush

  Chinese Name : 赤楠, 小叶赤楠, 鱼鳞木

Boxleaf Eugenia,Fish-Scale Bush
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Shrubby (1m-5m)), Shrub (Woody)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      4.5 m
      Maximum Plant Spread / Crown Width :
      3 m to 4.5 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      China, Taiwan, Southern Japan, Vietnam
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Temperate Forest; Grassland / Savannah/ Scrubland)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal, Temperate
      Local Conservation Status :
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Woody shrub or small tree, up to 4.5 m height. Compact and densely-branched.
      Foliage: Leaves small, narrow, blunt tipped, veins inconspicuous, dark green; young leaves reddish.
      Stems: Reddish-brown, slightly 4 or 6-angled when young.
      Flowers: Powderpuff, in terminal few-flowered cymes, 4 inconspicuous small white petals which fall off as flower opens, numerous white filaments with yellow anthers.
      Fruits: Globuse berries, ripen from green to red to shiny purplish-black, 7 - 10mm across, with fleshy pulp and single large seed.
      Cultivation :
      Prefers open, well-drained but moisture-retaining soils. Takes pruning well.
      Etymology :
      Genus epithet 'Syzygium' derived from 'syzygos' (Greek for 'joined'), alluding to the opposite paired leaves. Species epithet 'buxifolium' means "box-leafed", describing the fine-textured foliage which resembles that of Buxus species (Box).
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Food (Herb & Spice)
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits), Medicinal
      [Others]: Juicy ripe fruits are edible, and also used to make wine. Roots used to treat asthma, scalds and injuries, and strengthen spleen.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, [Remarks] (Prefers open, well-drained but moisture-retaining soils)
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Hedge / Screening, Flowerbed / Border, Container Planting, Bonsai
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Formal Garden, Naturalistic Garden
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Pruning :
      Takes pruning well. May be pruned frequently.
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green, Red
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Thin
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Obovate; Elliptical)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Notophyll ( 20.25cm2 - 45 cm2 )
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Trunk Type (Non-Palm) :
      Bark Colour(s) :
      Reddish bark on young stems
      Stem Type & Modification :
      Root Type :
      Underground (Tap Root; Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Symmetry :
      Flower Size :
      Remarks (Small, 1cm across)
      Inflorescence Type :
      Flowering Period :
      Flowering Opening Time :
      Flowering Habit :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Black, Purple
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Berry)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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