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  Pereskia bleo
  Family Name : Cactaceae

  Synonyms : Cactus bleo, Rhodocactus bleo

  Common Names : Wax Rose, Rose Cactus, Jarum Tujuh Bilah, Leaf Cactus, Perescia

  Chinese Name : 玫瑰麒麟, 樱麒麟, 七星针

Wax Rose,Rose Cactus,Jarum Tujuh Bilah,Leaf Cactus,Perescia
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Maximum Height :
      4 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Panama, Colombia
      Native Habitat :
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Perennial shrub up to 4m tall.
      Foliage: Unlike other members of the cactus family (Family Cactaceae) which lack leaves or have tiny leaves which quickly fall off, this species has large leaves which remain on the plant. Green leaves are elliptic with wavy leaf margin. Leaf surface appears wrinkled with leaf blade bulging between veins.
      Stems: The woody stems are heavily armed with dense clusters of black, needle-like spines.
      Flowers: Orange-red, rose-like flowers are composed of about 10 obovate to oval petals. Bisexual flowers have a compact column of white stamens and styles in the centre.
      Fruits: Yellow, funnel-shaped fruits are fleshy with several black, disc-shaped seeds.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal (The leaves are used in Malaysian folk medicine to treat cancer, rheumatism and ulcers. Tan et al. (2005) found that leaf extract was toxic to breast cancer cells, while Sim et al. (2010) found that it did not have toxic effects on healthy mice after oral ingestion.  )
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Container Planting
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Spines/Thorns - Stem/Branch
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Planting Distance :
      0.5 m
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green - Light Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Bulging in between Veins
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Elliptical)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire - Wavy / Undulate
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Orange, Red
      FlowerTexture(s) :
      Flower Grouping :
      Flower Symmetry :
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Flowering Period :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Yellow / Golden
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit
      Mature Seed Colour(s) :
      Mature Seed Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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