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  Portulacaria afra
  Family Name : Portulacaceae

  Common Names : Elephant's Food, Elephant Bush

 
Elephant's Food,Elephant Bush
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
      True
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub (Woody)
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Shrubby
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      South Africa
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Succulent shrub growing up to 4-5 m tall in the wild, but up to 2 m tall in cultivation.
      Foliage: Small, fleshy leaves are triangular with rounded edges (2 cm long). They are smooth, glossy and densely clustered near the stem tips in opposite leaf arrangement.
      Stems: Woody branches are brown to reddish brown.
      Habitat :
      Occurs in the foothills of mountains where there is little rainfall.
      Etymology :
      The specific epithet afra means Africa, referring to the origin of the species.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      None
  • Landscaping Features
    • Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Dry Soils / Drought, Well-Drained Soils, Poor Infertile Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils, Shallow Media (8 -10cm), Easy to Grow
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Green Roof, Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant, Container Planting, Bonsai
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Rockery / Desert Garden
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Little Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Moderate
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Moderate
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Stem Type & Modification :
      Woody
      Root Type :
      Underground (Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Pink
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic

   Last updated on:

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