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  Punica granatum
  Family Name : Lythraceae

  Common Names : Pomegranate, Delima

  Chinese Name : 安石榴, 石榴

  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Small (6m-15m)), Shrub
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Maximum Height :
      6 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Iran, Afghanistan, Himalayas
      Native Habitat :
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Large shrub or small tree, often multi-stemmed and has a bushy growth habit, growing up to 2 to 3m tall. It is deciduous in temperate climates and evergreen in tropical climates. 
      Foliage: Leaves (1-9 cm long, 0.5-2.5 cm wide) are oblong-lanceolate (elongated to lance-shaped) with smooth leaf edges. Leaves are typically paired (opposite leaf arrangement), but can also be subopposite (almost paired, but slightly offset) or clustered.
      Flowers: The flowers are red in colour and are located in the leaf axils towards the upper part of the stems. The flower calyx is thick and leathery with 5 to 7 sepals, and with the same number of petals. Each flower has numerous stamens, inserted in the calyx-tube, and a singular stigma. 
      Fruits: The fruits are berries, red-brown in colour when ripe, and are spherical and leathery in shape, up to 12cm across. The fruit is divided into compartments via yellowish membranes, and the seeds are encased in a juicy, edible pulp. 
      Cultivation :
      It is best grown under full sun, in well-drained, fertile soil. 
      Etymology :
      Genus Punica meaning "many-seeded apple". Species gratum meaning "pleasing" or "agreeable".
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: The fruits are edible and can be eaten raw. The pulp from the seeds is used to make juice, jellies and syrups. )
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits), Medicinal (In Asian folk medicine, the bark on the branches and roots is used to treat tapeworms and other intestinal worms.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Coastal, Container Planting
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Economic Garden
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Glossy / Shiny, Leathery
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Red, Yellow / Golden
      Flower Grouping :
      Solitary, Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Flower Symmetry :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Berry)
  • References
    • Verheij, E.W.M., Coronel, R.E.. 1992. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 2. Edible Fruits and Nuts. Indonesia: Backhuys Publishers. 447 pp.
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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