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  Sansevieria cylindrica Bojer ex Hook.
  Family Name : Asparagaceae

  Common Names : Common Spear Plant, Spear Sansevieria

  Chinese Name : 棒叶虎尾兰, 圆叶虎尾兰

 
Common Spear Plant,Spear Sansevieria
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
      True
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub (Herbaceous)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Angola (Africa)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Rhizomatous succulent with rod-like leaves that alternate to form a fan-like shape, growing up to 0.9 - 1.2 m tall and 0.6 - 0.9 m wide.
      Foliage: Stiff, cylindrical leaves taper to a sharp point and have a ribbed surface (0.6 - 1.5 m long, 2 - 3 cm wide). Leaves are greyish green with indistinct dark green bands that create a striped pattern.
      Flowers: White, fragrant flowers are tubular with 5 linear lobes curled backwards (2.5 cm long). The long, white stamens extend well beyond the lobes. Flowers are arranged in a whorled pattern along a spike-like inflorescence that is actually a raceme. 
      Cultivation :
      This slow-growing species is easy-to-grow and requires little maintenance. It tolerates prolonged drought for weeks, but is usually killed by overwatering. Water plants about every 3 weeks. It grows best in sandy loam, and individuals should be spaced 0.6 - 0.9 m apart.
      Etymology :
      The genus "Sansevieria" was named after Count Pietro Antonio Sanseverino of Naples, Italy. He was a patron of horticulture during the late 1700s. The species epithet "cylindrica" refers to the cylindrical leaves.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      None
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Dry Soils / Drought, Well-Drained Soils, Saline Soils / Salt Spray, Poor Infertile Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils, Acidic (low pH) Soils, Alkaline (high pH) Soils, Shallow Media (8 -10cm), Disease / Pest Resistant
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Coastal, Green Roof, Flowerbed / Border, Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant, Container Planting
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Silver Garden, Rockery / Desert Garden
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      [Remarks] (Stiff pointed leaves, do not place near playgrounds or areas where people may fall onto plant.)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Little Water
      Propagation Method :
      Leaf Cutting, Storage Organ (Rhizome), Division
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green, Silver / Grey
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Rough, Thick
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage
      Foliar Venation :
      Parallel
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Acuminate
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Mesophyll ( 45cm2 - 182.25 cm2 )
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      3.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Monocot)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Stem Type & Modification :
      Acaulescent
      Root Type :
      Underground (Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Cream / Off-White, White
      Flowering Period :
      Rarely
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Red
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Berry)

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