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  Scaevola taccada (Gaertn.) Roxb.
  Family Name : Goodeniaceae

  Synonyms : Scaevola sericea, Dampiera taccada, Scaevola frutescens

  Common Names : Ambung-ambung, Merambung, Pelampung, Sea Lettuce, Sea Lettuce Tree

Ambung-ambung,Merambung,Pelampung,Sea Lettuce,Sea Lettuce Tree
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Shrubby (1m-5m); Small (6m-15m)), Shrub (Woody)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      2 m to 10 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Madagascar, Southeast Asia (including Singapore), to tropical Australia, Micronesia, Melanesia, and Hawaii
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Coastal Forest), Shoreline (Coastal Cliff; Backshore; Sandy Beach; Rocky Beach)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Common)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a shrub or small tree up to 10 m tall.
      Its alternate, shortly-stalked leaves have fleshy leaf blades that are mostly reverse egg-shaped, and 8–26 by 2.5–10 cm.

      Flowers: Its pale yellow or white flowers are 2–2.5 cm long, and arranged in 8 cm-wide clusters.
      Fruits: Its round, fleshy fruits ripen from green to white, and are 8–13 by 10–15 mm. They also contain 1–2 seeds within a stone that is 8 mm wide.
      Habitat :
      It grows along rocky and sandy beaches, on coastal cliffs and sandstone hills.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are pollinated by bees, and fruits are eaten by birds.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed or stem cutting.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal (It is used medicinally including treatment for asthma, beri-beri, cancer, dysentery, ear ache, eye infections, indigestion, malaria, skin abcesses, ailments or sores, syphilis, or tuberculosis for poulticing for headaches, an antidote for poisonous fish or crab, for contraception in women, and many others.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It has attractive, light green foliage and a compact shape. It also flowers and fruits throughout the year. This plant is suitable as a hedge, screen, or even ground cover with pruning.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Form
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Dry Soils / Drought, Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Saline Soils / Salt Spray, Easy to Grow
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Coastal, Beachfront / Shoreline, Flowerbed / Border
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bird-Attracting (Fruits), Bee-Attracting
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Bee))
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Associated with: Bird dispersers.)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting, Air-Layering
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate, Spiral
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Obovate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      White, Yellow / Golden
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Flower Symmetry :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Drupe)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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