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  Senna alata (Linnaeus) Roxburgh
  Family Name : Fabaceae (Leguminosae)

  Synonyms : Cassia alata

  Common Names : Candle Bush, Empress Candle Plant, Seven Golden Candlesticks, Candlestick Cassia, Candlestick Senna, Christmas Candle, Ringworm Cassia, Ringworm Bush, Gelenggang, Daun Kurap

  Chinese Name : 翅荚决明

 
Candle Bush,Empress Candle Plant,Seven Golden Candlesticks,Candlestick Cassia,Candlestick Senna,Christmas Candle,Ringworm Cassia,Ringworm Bush,Gelenggang,Daun Kurap
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Venezula, Brazil, Columbia
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Erect shrub, able to grow up to 3 - 4 m tall.
      Foliage: Pinnately compound leaves are composed of 6 - 12 pairs of leaflets (30 - 60 cm long). Oblong leaflets are smooth and thinly leathery (6 - 15 cm long, 3.5 - 7.5 cm wide). They have a rounded tip with a slight indentation in the middle.
      Flowers: Flowers are arranged in a vertical column and bloom from the base of the column. The inflorescence, known as a raceme, resembles a lit, yellow candle, because the flowers at the base are yellow, while the unopened flower buds at the top are covered by orange bracts.
      Fruits: Winged pods are dark purple to black, smooth and 4-sided. They contain 50 - 60 flattened, triangular to squarish seeds.
      Habitat :
      Often occurs on wet soil in wastelands and flood plains.
      Associated Fauna :
      Ants protect the plant from caterpillars and are rewarded by nectar produced by extrafloral nectaries.
      Cultivation :
      This easy-to-grow, fast-growing species is highly adaptable, tolerating both drought and waterlogged soils. Individual should be spaced 2 - 5 m apart. It tends to attract ants. Propagate by seed, division, or semi-hardwood cuttings. Plants started from seed will flower in about 6 months. To prevent it from becoming invasive, removed the seed pods before they split open.
      Etymology :
      Genus Senna is derived from the Arabic name "sana", which refers to the laxative leaves and pods. Species alata means wing-like fruits.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal (The leaves and plant sap have anti-fungal properties, because they contain chrysophanic acid. In the Philippines, it is added to shampoo and soap for its anti-fungal properties. It also contains saponin which acts like a laxative and can be used to remove intestinal parasites. )
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Caterpillar Food Plant, Bee-Attracting
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Yellow / Golden
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Seed Quantity per Fruit :
      Numerous (>20)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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