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  Senna polyphylla (Jacq.) Irwin & Barneby
  Family Name : Fabaceae (Leguminosae)

  Synonyms : Cassia polyphylla

  Common Names : Desert Cassia

  Chinese Name : 多叶决明

 
Desert Cassia
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
      True
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Shrubby (1m-5m)), Shrub
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Bahamas
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Small tree, able to grow up to about 1.5 - 2.5 m tall.
      Foliage: Compound leaves with fine and feathery leaflets, green to greyish-green, each leaf usually has 3 - 15 leaflets measuring about 0.4 - 1 cm long.
      Flowers: 5-petaled yellow flowers, measuring about 2.5 cm wide, usually in axillary racemes.
      Fruits: Fruit is a brown seedpod, measuring about 8 - 15 cm long.
      Etymology :
      Genus Senna is derived from the Arabic name "sana", which refers to the laxative leaves and pods. Species polyphylla means with many leaf segments or many-leaved.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      None
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Dry Soils / Drought, Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Parks & Gardens, Container Planting, Bonsai
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bee-Attracting
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Foliar Type :
      Compound (Even-Pinnate)
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Trunk Type (Non-Palm) :
      Woody
      Bark Colour(s) :
      Older stems are dark grey.
      Mature Bark Texture :
      Scaly
      Root Type :
      Underground (Tap Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Yellow / Golden
      FlowerTexture(s) :
      Smooth
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Axillary
      Inflorescence Type :
      Raceme
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Green
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Smooth
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Legume / Pod)
      Mature Seed Colour(s) :
      Brown

   Last updated on:

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