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  Cycas pectinata Buch.-Ham.
  Family Name : Cycadaceae

  Common Names : Nepal Cycas

 
Nepal Cycas
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Gymnosperms (Non-Flowering Seed Plants)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Cycad
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      northeastern India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, central Vietnam, Laos, Thailand and southern China
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a medium to large cycad with a above ground trunk, up to 13 m tall.
      Foliage: There are 30 – 40 mature leaves in each crown. Leaves are erect, arching (1.5 – 2.4 m long) and feather-like. Each leaf comprises of 180 – 312 leathery leaflets, where the leaflets near the base are reduced into thorns (about 0.2 cm long). Petiole is 30 – 80 cm long where the margin is lined with thorns. Cataphylls are dimorphic, usually 5 – 8 cm long, and covered with grey to pale orange wool.
      Reproductive Parts (non-flowering plant): Male cone is narrowly ovoid (30 – 75 cm long and 16 – 22 cm wide), variable in colour (brown, yellow or green) and hairy. Female cone is flattened globose (10 – 25 cm diameter) with sporophyll (22 – 30 cm long) covered in grey hairs, round apical lobe (11 – 18 cm long and 10 – 13 cm wide) and spines covering the margins. Seeds are ovoid ( 4 – 4.5 cm long and 3.3 – 4.5 cm wide) with yellow seed coat.
      Habitat :
      It is found in hilly and mountainous forest, 600 – 1200 m altitude.
      Etymology :
      Cycas, came from the word koikas in Greek, which is referred to as a kind of palm. Specific epithet pectinata means spreading like teeth of a comb, which refers to the lateral teeth on the apical lobe of the female sporophylls.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      None
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Little Water
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
  • References
    • Jones, D.L. 2002. Cycads of the World. Ancient Plants in Today's Landscape. 2nd Edition. United States of America: Smithsonian Institution Press. 456

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