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  Zamia pumila
  Family Name : Zamiaceae

  Synonyms : Zamia integrifolia, Zamia angustifolia, Zamia floridana, Zamia media

  Common Names : Sago Cycad, Coontie, Comptie, Florida Arrowroot, Guayiga, Seminole Bread

Sago Cycad,Coontie,Comptie,Florida Arrowroot,Guayiga,Seminole Bread
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Gymnosperms (Non-Flowering Seed Plants)
      Plant Growth Form :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Central Cuba, Southern Puerto Rico and Dominican Republic
      Native Habitat :
      Local Conservation Status :
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a small cycad with underground stems and many branches.
      Foliage: Each plant crown has about 4 – 12 mature leaves. Leaves are borne on a smooth petiole (20 – 80 cm long), with stipules at the base. Mature leaf is stiff, erect (can reach up to 1.5 m long) and has a feathery-like appearance, with 10 – 60 leaflets (10 – 25 cm long and 0.5 – 2 cm wide) lined with toothed margin. Cataphylls is present and about 1 – 2 cm long.
      Reproductive Parts (non-flowering plant): Male cones are cylindrical to ovoid-cylindrical, red to dark reddish brown, hairy and occurs in clusters of 1 – 30 per stem. Female cones are similar to the male cones but has a conical acuminate tip and occurs in clusters of 1 – 5 per stem. Seed is oval shaped (1.5 – 2 cm long and 1 – 1.5 cm wide) with orange-red seed coat.
      Habitat :
      It is found in grassland, open shrubby forest and coastal dunes
      Etymology :
      Zamia, greek for azaniae, which means ‘pine-cone-like’, referring to the reproductive structures. Specific epithet pumila, in latin, means small or dwarf.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      [Others]: In 1763, this species was the first cycad to be described for the family Zamiaceae, which is the largest family of cycads.
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Little Water
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
  • References
    • Jones, D.L. 2002. Cycads of the World. Ancient Plants in Today's Landscape. 2nd Edition. United States of America: Smithsonian Institution Press. 456
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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