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  Phoenix reclinata
  Family Name : Arecaceae (Palmae)

  Synonyms : Acanthophoenix, Phoenix spinosa

  Common Names : African Wild Date, Senegal Date Palm

African Wild Date,Senegal Date Palm
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Palm (Cluster Palm)
      Maximum Height :
      12 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Africa & Madagascar
      Native Habitat :
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a clustering palm, up to 12 m tall, and often forming thicket. Cut stem produce clear yellowish sticky substance. Leaf sheath is persistent 1 – 2 m below crown.
      Foliage: Leaves are arching (2 – 3.5 m long) with reddish-brown fibrous leaf sheath and comprises of 80 – 130 leaflets on each side (28 – 45 cm long and 2.2 – 3.6 cm wide). Leaflets near the base are modified into spines (3 – 9 cm long) and are irregularly arranged.
      Flowers: The bracts enveloping the male and female inflorescence are green-yellow and split open 1 or 2 times between margins when mature. The male inflorescence is erect (17 – 30 cm long) and comprises of cream-white male flowers crowded on the stalk. Female inflorescence is erect (about 60 cm long) but slowly becomes pendulous as fruits are developed.
      Fruits: Fruit is ovoid, and matures yellow – orange (1.3 – 2 cm long and 0.7 – 1.3 cm wide) with sweet flesh (about 0.1 – 0. 2 cm thick). Seed is obovoid with rounded tip ( 1.2 – 1.4 cm long and 0.5 cm wide).
      Habitat :
      It is found in moist forest, rocky hillsides and grasslands, up to 3000 m altitude.
      Cultivation :
      A wet trunk and wet soil encourage disease.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable)
      [Others]: Trunks are used as beams and poles in construction. The leaf rachis is used for making thatch, floor mats and fish traps. Leaflets from young shoot are harvested for weaving baskets. The fruits are eaten as a snack and the seeds can be dried and ground into flour. The seeds can also be roasted and used as a substitute for coffee. The palm heart and flower buds are occasionally eaten as a vegetable. In South Africa, villagers harvest the sap and process it into palm wine.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.0 (Palm - Cluster)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Trunk Type (Palm) :
      Aboveground (Suckering Trunks)
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Orange, Yellow / Golden
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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