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  Blighia sapida K. D. Koenig
  Family Name : Sapindaceae

  Synonyms : Cupania sapida

  Common Names : Akee, Akee Apple, Seso Vegetal

 
Akee,Akee Apple,Seso Vegetal
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
      True
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Medium (16m-30m); Small (6m-15m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Irregular
      Maximum Height :
      10 m to 18 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      West Africa
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      [Others]: Tree, 10-18m height. Related to Longan (Dimocarpus longan) and Lychee (Litchi chinensis). Compound leaves glossy green above, slightly furry and paler green below. Flowers greenish-white, fragrant, small, held in racemes, produced in bisexual and male forms.Fruits tri-lobed pear-shaped capsules, mature from green to scarlet-red in 7-8 weeks, splitting open to reveal 3 large shiny black seeds and fleshy creamy-yellow aril. Aril is edilble when fully ripe (ie. when fruits split open). Eaten with saltfish as national dish of Jamaica. Unripe aril and other parts of fruit toxic, causing possibly fatal toxic hypoglycemic syndrome.Prefers moist fertile loamy soils. Propagate by seeds, stem cuttings or grafting. Seedlings bear fruits in 4-5 years, while grafted plants produce fruits in 1-2 years. Genus Blighia named after Captain Wiliam Bligh (of 'Mutiny on the Bounty' fame), who saw the fruit in Jamaica and took it to England in 1793.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable; Herb & Spice)
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits), Medicinal, Timber & Products
      [Others]: Fully-ripe fresh aril is edible when fruits split open. Aril has nutty flavour and is eaten in Jamaica as part of national dish, or canned. Ripe aril consumed to lower fever and treat dysentery. Leaf sap used as eye drops to treat conjunctivitis. Crushed leaves used as poultice for skin ulcers. Immature fruits and seeds have high potash content, crushed to make foam and used as soap, or as fish poison. Durable and termite-resistant wood used in construction. Essential oils from flowers used as cologne. Seeds used to make beads.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Fruits, Fragrant (Flowers: Day)
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Fertile Loamy Soils, Alkaline (high pH) Soils, [Remarks] (Tree prefers moist, fertile soils but tolerates limestone soils.)
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Shade Providing Tree / Palm, Container Planting
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Naturalistic Garden, Economic Garden
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Toxic Upon Ingestion
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Moderate
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Moderate
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting, Grafting
      Propagule Establishment Remarks :
      Trees grown from seed start to bear fruit in 4-5 years. Grafted trees produce fruits in 1-2 years.
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Glossy / Shiny, Hairy / Hirsute, Raised / Sunken Veins
      Foliar Type :
      Compound (Even-Pinnate)
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate; Obovate; Elliptical)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Notophyll ( 20.25cm2 - 45 cm2 )
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      3.0 (Tree - Intermediate Canopy)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Trunk Type (Non-Palm) :
      Woody
      Bark Colour(s) :
      Gray
      Mature Bark Texture :
      Smooth
      Stem Type & Modification :
      Woody
      Root Type :
      Underground (Tap Root; Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Green, White
      Flower Size :
      Remarks (Small)
      Inflorescence Type :
      Raceme
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Orange, Red
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Capsule)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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