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  Terminalia mantaly H. Perrier
  Family Name : Combretaceae

  Common Names : Madagascar Almond, Umbrella Tree

  Chinese Name : 小叶欖仁

Madagascar Almond,Umbrella Tree
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Medium (16m-30m); Small (6m-15m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      10 m to 20 m
      Maximum Plant Spread / Crown Width :
      10 m to 15 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Riverine)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      [Others]: Small to medium tree, 10-20m height. Crown arranged in layered tiers. Bark smooth, mottled pale grey with protruding brownish lenticlels (streaks or spots).Leaves slightly glossy green, spathulate, uneven to crenate margins. Flowers small, greenish, no petals, clustered along erect inflorescence spikes (up to 5cm long). Fruits smooth, wingless drupes, green when unripe. Flowers and fruits seldom observed in Singapore.Suitable as ornamental tree along streets and in parks, due to formal neat appearance, especially majestic if planted in masses. Used for reforestation in native Madagascar. Fast-growing on good sites.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Food (Herb & Spice)
      [Others]: Bark & wood used for treating dysentery, dyeing & tanning.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Dry Soils / Drought, Easy to Grow
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Riverine, Shade Providing Tree / Palm, Container Planting
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Formal Garden
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, [Remarks] (Drought-tolerant when established)
      Water Preference :
      [Remarks] (Drought-tolerant when established), Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Propagation Method :
      Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny, Thin
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Spathulate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire - Wavy / Undulate, Crenate
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Obtuse, Rounded
      Foliar Base :
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Microphyll ( 2.25cm2 - 20.25 cm2 )
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      3.0 (Tree - Intermediate Canopy)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Trunk Type (Non-Palm) :
      Bark Colour(s) :
      Mottled pale grey, protuding brownish streaks or spots
      Mature Bark Texture :
      Smooth, Lenticellate
      Stem Type & Modification :
      Root Type :
      Underground (Tap Root; Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Flower Size :
      Remarks (Small, clustered along erect inflorescence spike, no petals)
      Inflorescence Type :
      Flowering Habit :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Drupe)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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