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  Cinnamomum iners Reinw. ex Blume
  Family Name : Lauraceae

  Synonyms : Cinnamomum paraneuron, Cinnamomum intidum

  Common Names : Wild Cinnamon, Clove Cinnamon, Kayu Manis, Kayu Manis Hutan, Medang Teja, Teja Lawang

  Chinese Name : 大叶桂

Wild Cinnamon,Clove Cinnamon,Kayu Manis,Kayu Manis Hutan,Medang Teja,Teja Lawang
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Small (6m-15m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      India, Indochina & Malesia
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: A small evergreen tree with a bushy, rounded crown that grows up to 10-15 m tall.
      Trunk: The trunk is straight with smooth, greyish brown outer bark and pinkish inner bark. The bark has a light, cinnamon-like fragrance. Sapwood is white.
      Foliage: Dark green leaves are elliptic to oblong with entire leaf margin and 3 distinct veins that run lengthwise. Young foliage is initially light pinkish red, but gradually becomes cream, then yellowish green and finally dark green. Crushed leaves emit a light, cinnamon-like fragrance.
      Flowers: Cream-coloured to light yellow flowers are bisexual or unisexual and produce a pungent odour. They are arranged in branched inflorescences known as panicles that are located in the leaf axils (between the leaf and stem) or branch tips.
      Fruits: Round or ellipsoid, fleshy fruits are known as berries. Initially dark green with yellow spots, berries are purplish black at maturity.
      Habitat :
      Commonly found in moist and open areas of primary and secondary lowland forests and hill forests.
      Associated Fauna :
      Squirrels, bats and birds consume the fruits, thus helping to disperse the seeds.

      Host plant for: Common Mime (Chilasa clytia clytia); Common Bluebottle (Graphium sarpedon luctatius)
      Cultivation :
      This species should be planted in fertile, well-drained soil. It is susceptible to termites and basal rot fungus.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Food (Herb & Spice: The bark produces an inferior grade of cinnamon. In rural areas, the leaves are used to sweeten drinking water. Both the leaves and wood are used as a spice.)
      Medicinal (Medicinal properties can be found in all parts of the tree. The wood is used to reduce fever, while other plant parts have been used to treat gastrointestinal and urinary problems, childbirth complications, rheumatism, and flatulence.), Timber & Products
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Shade Providing Tree / Palm
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Butterfly Garden
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Caterpillar Food Plant (Leaves)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Young Flush Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      3.0 (Tree - Intermediate Canopy)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      White, Yellow / Golden
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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