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  Cinnamomum verum
  Family Name : Lauraceae

  Synonyms : Cinnamomum zeylanicum

  Common Names : Cinnamon, Kayu Manis, Cinnamon Bark Tree

Cinnamon,Kayu Manis,Cinnamon Bark Tree
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Growth Form :
      Mode of Nutrition :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Sri Lanka, India
      Native Habitat :
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Local Conservation Status :
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Evergreen tree, able to grow up to about 8 - 17 m tall in its natural habitat. 
      Stems: Dark green adult leaves, ovate to elliptic, opposite arrangement, texture rather stiff, distinct 3 yellow veins from the base to the tip, leaf measuring about 5 - 18 cm long and 3 - 10 cm wide, young leaves tend to be reddish.
      Flowers: Cream to white flowers borne on axillary and terminal panicle inflorescence, each flower about 3 mm wide, unpleasant smell.
      Fruits: Fruit is a ovoid fleshy purple drupe about 1.5 - 2 cm long, contains 1 seed.
      Etymology :
      Genus Cinnamomum is from the Greek word "Kinnamomon" which means spice. Species verum means true or genuine. 
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Food (Herb & Spice: The bark of this tree is used as a spice seasoning for meat, sauces, baked goods and drinks. Oil extracted from the leaves is also used as a flavouring agent in snacks.)
      Medicinal (Oil is extracted from the bark and used in pharmaceutical and dental preparations.), Timber & Products (Wood has very good working qualities.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bird-Attracting, Butterfly Food Plant
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Cream / Off-White, White
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Axillary, Terminal
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit
      Seed Quantity per Fruit :
      Few (1-5)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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