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  Elaeocarpus petiolatus (Jacq.) Wall.
  Family Name : Elaeocarpaceae

  Common Names : Broad-leafed Oil Fruit, Derumun Babi, Derumun Babi Hitam, Hempedu Ular, Kayu Sepuh, Medang, Medang Kelawar, Medang Keli, Medang Manih, Medang Musang, Medang Pipi Lokan, Medang Tanjung, Paruh-Paruh

  Chinese Name : 长柄杜英

Broad-leafed Oil Fruit,Derumun Babi,Derumun Babi Hitam,Hempedu Ular,Kayu Sepuh,Medang,Medang Kelawar,Medang Keli,Medang Manih,Medang Musang,Medang Pipi Lokan,Medang Tanjung,Paruh-Paruh
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Medium (16m-30m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      21 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Southern China, India, Myanmar, Indochina, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Common)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a tree up to 21 m tall, and up to 1.2 m in girth size, with resin covering the tips of its twigs.
      Foliage: Its spirally arranged, long-stalked leaves have leathery leaf blades that are oblong or elliptic, tipped, green, and 7–31 by 3.8–18 cm.
      Flowers: Its flowers develop on flowering shoots (inflorescences) of 3–13 that occur in the leaf axils. Its white flowers are 1.3 cm across.
      Fruits: Its fruits are drupes that are ellipsoid or oblong, greyish-blue with green oily pulp, 1–2 by 0.8–1.2 cm. Its seeds are about 1 cm long.
      Habitat :
      It grows in lowland to hill forests, up to 1300 m altitude, and is common in old secondary forests, and forest edges. It is known locally in Central Catchment Nature Reserve.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect-pollinated. Its fruits are probably eaten by birds or other small mammals.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Greek elaia, olive; Greek karpos, fruit, referring to its round fruits; Latin petiolatus, having petioles, referring to the leaf stalks
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It may be suitable for parks and roadsides.
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate, Spiral
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Elliptical; Oblong)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      3.0 (Tree - Intermediate Canopy)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Flower Symmetry :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Blue, Silver / Grey
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Drupe)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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