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  Euclinia longiflora Salisb.
  Family Name : Rubiaceae

  Synonyms : Randia macrantha

  Common Names : African Tree Gardenia, Angels' Trumpets

 
African Tree Gardenia,Angels' Trumpets
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
      TRUE
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Shrubby (1m-5m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Tropical Africa
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Shrub or small tree with a rounded crown that grows up to 6 m in height.
      Foliage: Light green, glossy leaves are deeply veined and have a distinct drip tip (acuminate leaf apex). Leaves are oblong to elliptic with entire leaf margin (up to 30 cm long). 
      Flowers: Large, lightly fragrant flowers are trumpet-shaped with 5 curled lobes and a very long throat (25 cm long). Petals are initially white and gradually turn pale yellow. About 6 greenish yellow, linear sepals are arranged radially, forming a star-shaped pattern. Flower occur singly in the leaf axils and hang downwards. 
      Fruits: The fruit is round or somewhat pear-shaped.
      Habitat :
      Occurs in primary and secondary forests.
      Etymology :
      The species epithet "longiflora" is Latin for long flowers.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      None
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Fragrant (Flowers: Day, Time Independent)
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Focal Plant
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Moonlight Garden, Fragrant / Aromatherapy Garden
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Butterfly Food Plant (Flower Nectar)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Thin
      Foliar Modification :
      Stipule
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Opposite
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Obovate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Foliar Base :
      Acute
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.0 (Tree - Dense Canopy)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Mature Bark Texture :
      Lenticellate
      Stem Type & Modification :
      Woody
      Root Type :
      Underground (Tap Root; Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Cream / Off-White, White
      Flower Symmetry :
      Radial
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Trumpet-shaped
      Flower Size :
      Remarks (25 cm long, 8 cm wide)
      Inflorescence Size :
      Remarks (Yellow / Deep Cream)
      Flowering Period :
      [Remarks] (Onset of wet weather.)
      Flowering Opening Time :
      Daytime
      Flower Lifespan On Plant :
      Several Days
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic

   Last updated on:

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